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Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (15)
Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (14)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (12)
Endowments -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (9)
Industries -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (9)
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United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives. (5)
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources. (5)
Birth control. (4)
Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland (4)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Genealogy. (4)
Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) (4)
Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Real property -- Ohio -- Western Reserve. (4)
Western Reserve (Ohio) -- Surveys. (4)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Arts -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Endowments. (3)
Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Cleveland Museum of Art. (3)
Clothing factories -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Environmental protection -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Industrial relations -- United States. (3)
Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. (3)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland (3)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- History. (3)
Pro-choice movement. (3)
Slavery -- United States -- History -- Sources. (3)
Textile industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865. (3)
Western Reserve (Ohio) -- History -- Sources. (3)
AIDS (Disease) -- Research. (2)
African American business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African American inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. (2)
Aircraft supplies industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Antislavery movements -- Ohio. (2)
Art museums -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Automobile supplies industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Automobiles -- Technological innovations. (2)
Automobiles, Steam. (2)
Brush Foundation (Cleveland, Ohio). (2)
Brush, Charles Francis, 1849-1929. (2)
Business records -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Manuscript CollectionRequires cookie*
1Title:  George Washington Patent Letter     
 Creator:  Washington, George 
 Dates:  1794 
 Abstract:  The George Washington patent letter may be the earliest patent issued in the United States for a self-propelled vehicle or "horseless carriage." Purchased by Frederick C. Crawford in 1951, research done at that time indicates that although this patent is listed in early patent indexes, the U.S. Patent Office has no copies of it, and no models or drawings of this invention were found. The patent certification of delivery, acceptance, and payment of application fees is signed "G. Washington by the President Edm. Randolph", with the seal of the United States affixed. 
 Call #:  MS 4671 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 folder) 
 Subjects:  Patents -- United States. | Automobiles -- Patents.
 
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2Title:  Odette V. and Paul Wurzburger Family Papers     
 Creator:  Wurzburger, Odette V. and Paul Family 
 Dates:  1927-2006 
 Abstract:  Odette Valabregue Wurzburger was a French resistance fighter during World War II, a lawyer and teacher, and an active community leader, especially in the arts. She was born in Avignon, France, in 1909, and she died in Cleveland in 2006. Her husband, Paul Wurzburger was an entrepreneur, inventor, patron of the arts, and honorary consul of France. He was born in 1904 in Lyon, France, and died in 1974 in Cleveland. He entered the United States in 1941 and became a citizen in 1946. He became honorary consul of France in Cleveland in 1962. Paul's father, Hugo Wurzburger, was born in 1887 in Heilbronn, Germany, and died in Cleveland in 1952. Paul's mother, Marguerite Bacharach Wurzburger, was born in Lyon, France, in 1882 and died in Cleveland in 1967. The couple escaped Nazi-occupied France in 1941 and went first to Cuba, arriving in the United States in August 1942. Hugo Wurzburger was a successful industrialist and inventor. He invented several synthetic fabrics and also manufactured pipe fittings, the patents for which were licensed to Cleveland's Weatherhead Company before World War II. Paul's first wife, Margarethe (later Marguerite) Wolf (1900-1976), was born in Germany and died in Cleveland. The couple lived in Liechtenstein in the early 1930s and came to the United States in 1941, where he continued his father's association with the Weatherhead Company. With degrees from universities in Strasbourg and Frankfort, Paul Wurzburger held patents for various valves in the United States, Canada, Germany, Holland, Great Britain, Australia, Japan, France, Sweden, Italy and Belgium. Throughout his career as an engineer, he was associated with three different firms: Ermeto, Flomet, and Patex. Among other activities, Paul Wurzburger was a trustee for the Salk Institute of Biological Studies and the Musical Arts Association. He was Vice-President of the Federation of French Alliances in the United States for the Central States and chairman of the board of Maison Francaise de Cleveland. He was also on the Case Western Reserve University Board of Overseers and a commander in the French Legion d'honneur. Odette Valabregue earned a law degree from the University of Montpellier in 1930 and was a judge in France prior to the German occupation. As part of her legal career in pre-war France, she was a strong advocate of social services for children. From 1943 to 1945 she was a volunteer in the French underground, saving the lives of many Jews, including her own parents. Her pseudonym during her work with the French resistance was Anne-Marie; under this name, she published a brief account of her experiences during and immediately after the war. This account appeared in French in 1945, as a chapter in a book edited by Suzanne Normand, Liberte Ship (Paris: Editions NAGEL, 1945). Odette Valabregue came to the United States in 1960 when she married Paul Wurzburger, after his divorce from Marguerite (Wolf) Wurzburger. Odette Wurzburger continued her professional activities in Cleveland and became an active member of the community. A member of the American Bar Association, she taught classes for the Case Western Reserve University School of Law and was an adjunct professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego. She spoke often on law and biology and the human genome. Her interests in music and art led to significant achievements, especially her idea for an international piano competition, eventually known as the Cleveland International Piano Competition. She was on the boards of the Cleveland Orchestra and the Cleveland Museum of Art and actively involved in fostering Franco-American relations through her work with the Maison Francaise and the Cleveland Council of World Affairs. She was a member of Suburban Temple-Kol Ami and a generous donor to the Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland. The collection consists of articles, affidavits, applications, certificates, correspondence, identification cards, invitation, license agreements, lists, memoirs, newspaper clippings, notes, patents, receipts, tickets, and visas. 
 Call #:  MS 5070 
 Extent:  2.00 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  Wurzburger, Odette V., (Odette Valabregue), 1909-2006 | Wurzburger, Paul, 1904-1974. | Wurzburger, Hugo, 1887-1952 | Wurzburger, Marguerite Bacharach, 1882-1967 | Weatherhead Company (Firm : Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland Museum of Art. | Cleveland Orchestra. | Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland International Piano Competition. | World War, 1939-1945 -- Underground movements -- France. | French Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | German Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Arts -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Mechanical engineering -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hydraulics. | France -- Emigration and immigration. | Germany -- Emigration and immigration. | Cuba -- Description and travel.
 
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3Title:  George Bishop Papers     
 Creator:  Bishop, George 
 Dates:  1917-1926 
 Abstract:  George E. Bishop (ca. 1869-1948) was a Cleveland, Ohio, dentist and inventor who received Canadian patents for automobile side window curtains and enclosures from 1917-1923. Bishop sold the patent rights to General Motors in 1923. The collection consists of patents and patent applications to the government of Canada, correspondence, and a contract with General Motors. The patents pertain to Bishop's innovations in automobile side window valence and curtain rods, and automobile enclosures. The patents include mechanical design drawings. 
 Call #:  MS 4330 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Bishop, George E., ca. 1869-1948. | Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Automobiles -- Technological innovations. | Automobiles -- Equipment and supplies -- Patents. | Patents -- Canada.
 
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4Title:  George and Margaret Knowles Papers     
 Creator:  Knowles, George and Margaret 
 Dates:  1870-1974 
 Abstract:  George Knowles was a Cleveland, Ohio, patent attorney who served as assistant executive in charge of patents in the Engineering Department of Materiel Command at Wright Field Air Corps Base (Dayton, Ohio) during World War II. Margaret Knowles was his wife. The collection consists primarily of correspondence, organizational materials, journals, and military files. The collection pertains primarily to George Knowles' military experience, involvement with patents, and organizational activities with the Cleveland Patent Law Association, Exchange Club of Euclid and the Wildwood Yacht Club. Included is a small amount of material relating to Knowles' wife, Margaret, and his nephew, Myles Knowles. 
 Call #:  MS 4447 
 Extent:  0.60 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  Knowles, George H. 1909-1965. | Knowles, Margaret Keal. | United States. Army Air Forces -- Diaries. | World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives, American. | World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- United States. | Soldiers -- United States -- Diaries. | Patents -- United States. | Evidence, Expert -- United States. | Patent and government-developed inventions -- United States.
 
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5Title:  Adolph Wunderlich Papers     
 Creator:  Wunderlich, Adolph 
 Dates:  1855-1967 
 Abstract:  Adolph Wunderlich (ca. 1869-1942) was an inventor, engineer, and businessman who was born in Buffalo, New York, and moved to Cleveland, Ohio, as a child. He held patents for inventions and improvements on electric arc lamps, hoisting and lowering mechanisms, suspension devices for electric arc lamps, winches, lubricating devices, and caulking devices. He lived in England from 1898-1912 where he installed London's first street lights and headed his own electrical firm. He founded the Western Reserve Manufacturing Works in Cleveland in 1914. The collection consists of advertisements, agreements, apprenticeship records, catalogs, certificates, correspondence, extracts, financial documents, instructions, legal documents, memoranda, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, patents, a scorecard, and a will. 
 Call #:  MS 5208 
 Extent:  1.00 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Business enterprises -- England -- London | Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Electric lamps, Arc | Industrialists -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jandus Arc Lamp and Electric Company (London, England) | Johnson and Phillips (London, England) | London Electric Firm (London, England) | Western Reserve Manufacturing Works (Cleveland, Ohio) | Wunderlich, Adolph, ca. 1869-1942
 
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6Title:  Garrett A. Morgan Scrapbook     
 Creator:  Morgan, Garrett A. 
 Dates:  1913-1969 
 Abstract:  Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963) was an African American entrepreneur and inventor whose inventions included an electric traffic signal and gas mask. Morgan moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895 and opened his own sewing machine sales and repair shop in 1907. He received a patent on his gas mask in 1912 and formed the National Safety Device Company to manufacture and market it. He also established the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Company, The Cleveland Call and Post, and the Wakeman Country Club for African Americans. The collection consists of a scrapbook that contains mostly newspaper articles and clippings, but also includes letters detailing the success of his products, magazine clippings, pamphlets, photocopied autobiography samples, photographs, product order requests, and a subscription and induction notice to the National Geographic Society. 
 Call #:  MS 5201 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  African American business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Fire prevention -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Company (Cleveland, Ohio) | Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Morgan, Garrett A., 1877-1963 | Traffic signs and signals. | Water tunnels -- Accidents -- Ohio -- Cleveland
 
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7Title:  Garrett A. Morgan Papers     
 Creator:  Morgan, Garrett A. 
 Dates:  1894-1970 
 Abstract:  Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963) was an entrepreneur and inventor whose inventions included the electric traffic signal and the gas mask. Morgan moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895 and opened his own sewing machine sales and repair shop in 1907. He received a patent on his gas mask in 1912 and formed the National Safety Device Co. to manufacture and market it. He also established the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Co., The Cleveland Call and Post, and the Wakeman Country Club for African Americans. The collection consists of correspondence, legal and business papers, drawings of the traffic signal, a hair straightening device and an automatic cooker, maps, blueprints and floorplans of Morgan's properties, biographical sketches, newspaper clippings, and material relating to Morgan's role in the waterworks crib explosion, the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Co., the National Safety Device Co., and the Wakeman Country Club. 
 Call #:  MS 3534 
 Extent:  0.70 linear feet (2 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Morgan, Garrett A., 1877-1963. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Water tunnels -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Accidents. | Traffic signs and signals.
 
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8Title:  Charles B. Smith Papers     
 Creator:  Smith, Charles B. 
 Dates:  1858-1867 
 Abstract:  Charles B. Smith was a Lieutenant with the 61st Illinois Volunteer Infantry, serving as a Judge Advocate General at Camp Dennison, Ohio, through most of 1863. Smith was involved in military court proceedings, as well as being responsible for the issuing of general and special orders and the collection of unit muster sheets. In November 1864, Smith was reassigned to the Office of United States Military Telegraph, Mobile, Alabama, as a telegraph operator. In 1867, Smith submitted several invention patents for the improvement of spring beds and seats. The collection consists mainly of military legal correspondence relating to criminal charges, pleadings, proceedings, and sentencing of soldiers under the jurisdiction of the military headquarters of Ohio located at Camp Dennison, Ohio, particularly during 1863. There are also requests for unit muster rolls, regulation books, telegrams, routine inspection announcements, general orders, special orders, a deed, and petitions for invention patents. 
 Call #:  MS 2076 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Smith, Charles B. | United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 61st (1862-1865). | Courts-martial and courts of inquiry -- United States. | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865. | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Registers. | Beds -- Patents. | Patent licenses. | Camp Dennison (Ohio).
 
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9Title:  Garrett A. Morgan Photographs     
 Creator:  Morgan, Garrett A. 
 Dates:  1915-1978 
 Abstract:  Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963) was an entrepreneur and inventor whose inventions included the electric traffic signal and the gas mask. Morgan moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895 and opened his own sewing machine sales and repair shop in 1907. He received a patent on his gas mask in 1912 and formed the National Safety Device Co. to manufacture and market it. He also established the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Co., The Cleveland Call and Post, and the Wakeman Country Club for African Americans. The collection consists of individual and group portraits of Garrett A. Morgan, his family, and friends. Also included are views of his residence, and of his inventions, including the gas mask, traffic signal, and a hair treatment system. The collection also includes views relating to the water intake crib disaster in Cleveland, Ohio in 1917. 
 Call #:  PG 246 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Morgan, Garrett A., 1877-1963 -- Photograph collections. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | African American inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Water tunnels -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Accidents -- Photographs. | Traffic signs and signals -- Photographs. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Waterworks crib explosion, 1916 -- Photographs.
 
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10Title:  Philander H. Standish Papers     
 Creator:  Standish, Philander H. 
 Dates:  1861-1948 
 Abstract:  Philander Hayden Standish (1835-1918) was a mechanical engineer and inventor. He was active in several cities in California, Missouri, and Ohio before settling in Cleveland, Ohio, He was the owner or co-owner of several manufacturing companies which were involved in the making of steel chains, including the Standish Chain Company of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio in the early 1880s; the Bimel-Standish Company of St. Mary's, Ohio in the 1890s; and the Standish Chain and Manufacturing Company of Kent, Ohio, in the 1900s. Among the letters patent issued to Standish by Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Belgium, German, and Sweden were those for his invention of a chain-making machine, a treadle mechanism for sewing machines, and a steam cultivator for improved methods in tethering horses, welding chain links, and coiling metal rods. The business associates with whom he corresponded include J. B. Carey, president of the Chain Makers National Union. The collection consists of correspondence, letters patent, contracts and agreements, notebooks, specifications and price lists for various types of chain, drawings of steam generators and steam plows, time and account books, and other papers, relating to Standish's activities as owner of several manufacturing companies involved in the making of steel chains, including Standish Chain Company, Bimel-Standish Company, and Standish Chain and Manufacturing Company. Correspondents include J.B. Carey, president of the Chain Makers National Union. 
 Call #:  MS 2356 
 Extent:  1.81 linear feet (5 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Standish, Philander H. (Philander Hayden), 1835-1918. | Chains. | Steam-boilers -- United States. | Plows -- United States.
 
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11Title:  Odette V. and Paul Wurzburger Family Photographs     
 Creator:  Wurzburger, Odette V. and Paul Family 
 Dates:  1944-1974 
 Abstract:  Odette Valabregue Wurzburger (1909-2006) was a French resistance fighter during World War II, a lawyer and teacher, and an active community leader, especially in the arts. Her husband, Paul Wurzburger (1904-1974), was an entrepreneur, inventor, patron of the arts, and honorary consul of France. Paul's father, Hugo Wurzburger (1887-1952), was a successful industrialist and inventor. Paul's first wife, Margarethe (later Marguerite) Wolf (1900-1976), was born in Germany and died in Cleveland, Ohio. The collection consists of approximately 150 black and white photographs and 50 color photographs. 
 Call #:  PG 555 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Wurzburger, Odette V., (Odette Valabregue), 1909-2006 -- Photographs. | Wurzburger, Paul 1904-1974 -- Photographs. | Wurzburger, Hugo, 1887-1952 -- Photographs. | Wurzburger, Marguerite Bacharach, 1882-1967 -- Photographs. | Dali, Salvador, 1904-1989 -- Photographs. | French Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | German Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Arts -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Mechanical engineering -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Hydraulics -- Photographs. | France -- Emigration and immigration -- Photographs. | Germany -- Emigration and immigration -- Photographs. | Cuba -- Description and travel -- Photographs. | Israel -- Description and travel -- Photographs.
 
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12Title:  Ervin George Bailey Papers     
 Creator:  Bailey, Ervin George 
 Dates:  1918-1974 
 Abstract:  Ervin George Bailey was an industrialist and manufacturer. He founded the Bailey Meter Company, a major manufacturer of industrial meters and controls, in 1916. The company was moved from Boston, Massachusetts to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1919. In 1926, Bailey Meter Company was purchased by The Babcock and Wilcox Company, although it continued production under its own name. Ervin Bailey remained with Babcock and Wilcox, serving as president of the Fuller LeHigh Company division 1926-1936, as chairman of Bailey Meter Company 1944-1956, and as a vice president of Babcock and Wilcox 1931-1951. Bailey was awarded 141 United States patents for his inventions in the fields of fluid and combustion control. He was a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; a member of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers; the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers; and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, England. He was also the author of many articles on metering, controls, fuels and combustion, and engineering education. The collection consists of biographical sketches, diaries, notebooks, historical sketches, speeches, and writings. 
 Call #:  MS 4743 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Bailey, E. G. (Ervin George), 1880-1974. | Bailey Meter Company. | Babcock & Wilcox Company. | Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Industries -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Inventors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Engineers -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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13Title:  Frank Jardine Papers     
 Creator:  Jardine, Frank 
 Dates:  1921-1963 
 Abstract:  Frank Jardine was a pioneer in the development of aluminum as a material for automotive parts, especially the automobile piston. Jardine was manager of Alcoa's Cleveland Developmental Division, 1940-1953, and held numerous patents for automobile parts manufactured from aluminum. In the late 1920s, Jardine helped to develop the Peerless V-16, a luxury automobile made from aluminum components, but the car never went into production. The collection consists of testimonial letters upon Jardine's retirement in 1955, but also includes speeches, technical articles, and news clippings relating to Jardine's career, the aluminum industry and its role in automobile manufacturing, technological developments in the industry, and Cleveland's contributions to that industry. 
 Call #:  MS 4510 
 Extent:  0.21 linear feet (1 container and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Jardine, Frank, 1888-1963. | Aluminum Company of America. | Aluminum industry and trade -- United States. | Aluminum industry and trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Automobile industry and trade -- United States. | Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Automobiles -- Parts. | Automobiles -- Parts -- Patents. | Automobiles -- Technological innovations. | Automobiles -- Motors -- Pistons and piston rings. | Automobiles -- Motors -- Technological innovations.
 
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14Title:  E.F. Hauserman Company Records, Series II     
 Creator:  Sunar-Hauserman, Inc. 
 Dates:  1910-1973 
 Abstract:  The E.F. Hauserman Company was a leading producer of of movable interior walls for offices, factories, and schools, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio. The company was founded by Earl F. Hauserman (1885-1943) who bought out part of the building supplies dealer for whom he worked and organized the E.F. Hauserman Co. in 1913. The company became a leading manufacturer of interior steel partitions and was a major defense contractor during World War II. Following the war, E.F. Hauserman's sons, Fred M. Hauserman (1909-1972) and William F. Hauserman (1920-2012) led the company, including expansion into Canada and Europe. In the mid 1970s, E.F. Hauserman Company consolidated with its principle subsidiaries to become Hauserman, Inc., In 1978 the company acquired Sunar, a Canadian office furniture manufacturer and in 1983 became Sunar-Hauserman, Inc. The company closed in 1989 due to changing economic conditions. The collection consists of correspondence, financial reports, project and patent files, product literature, and organizational materials. 
 Call #:  MS 5382 
 Extent:  1.20 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  Wall panels. | Steel plate deck bridges -- United States. | Prefabricated interior architecture. | Pontoon bridges. | Landing mats. | Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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15Title:  Centerior Energy Corporation Photographs     
 Creator:  Centerior Energy Corporation 
 Dates:  1857-1987 
 Abstract:  The Centerior Energy Corporation was founded in 1892 in Cleveland, Ohio, as the Cleveland General Electric Company, with a franchise from the General Electric Company of Boston, Massachusetts. In 1893, assets of the Brush Electric Light and Power Company and of the Cleveland Electric Light Company were transferred to the Cleveland General Electric Company, forming the nucleus of a new organization. On July 21, 1894, the name of the company was changed to the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company (CEI). In 1926, the company purchased the Cleveland, Painesville and Eastern Railroad Company and its subsidiary, The United Light and Power Company. Other power companies in the northeastern Ohio region were purchased during this time. In 1947 control of the company returned to the hands of public investors, and new power plants continued to be added to the system. The company's first nuclear power plant, the Davis-Besse facility, became fully operational in 1978. A second nuclear power facility, the Perry Nuclear Power Plant, was subsequently added. In 1986 Centerior Energy Corporation, an affiliation between CEI and the Toledo Edison Company, was formed to become one of the largest electric systems in the United States. In 1996, Centerior Energy Corporation and the Ohio Edison Company merged into a new holding company, First Energy Corporation. The collection consists of individual portraits of CEI presidents, including Myron T. Herrick, Ralph M. Besse, and Elmer L. Lindseth, as well as presidents of the Toledo Edison Company. Individual and group portraits of employees, Board of Directors, retirees, and views of employee-related events form a large part of this collection. Materials used in marketing campaigns are included, as well as campaigns developed to promote the use of electric power and electrical appliances after World War II. The collection contains extensive visual documentation on the construction, acquisition, maintenance,and repair of infrastructure in a major metropolitan powergrid. Changes in electrical power generation and distribution equipment are depicted. Views of most CEI facilities, including offices, the Illuminating Building in downtown Cleveland, operating plants, sub-stations, and switching stations are included. Construction of the Perry Nuclear Power Plant is extensively documented. 
 Call #:  PG 499 
 Extent:  9.40 linear feet (24 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company -- Photograph collections. | Perry Nuclear Power Plant (Ohio) -- Photograph collections. | Centerior Energy Corporation -- Photograph collections. | Cleveland General Electric Company -- Photograph collections. | Toledo Edison Company -- Photograph collections. | Ohio Edison Company -- Photograph collections. | Brush Electric Light and Power Company -- Photograph collections. | Cleveland Electric Light Company -- Photograph collections. | First Energy Corporation -- Photograph collections. | Electric utilities -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Electric industries -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Electric power distribution -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Electric power transmission -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Electric power-plants -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Public utilities -- Ohio -- Cleveland Metropolitan Area -- Photographs. | Industries -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Photographs. | Nuclear energy -- Photographs. | Nuclear power plants -- Ohio -- Photographs.
 
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16Title:  E.F. Hauserman Company Records, Photographs, and Audio Materials     
 Creator:  Sunar-Hauserman, Inc. 
 Dates:  1856-1989 
 Abstract:  The E.F. Hauserman Company was a leading producer of of movable interior walls for offices, factories, and schools, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio. The company was founded by Earl F. Hauserman (1885-1943) who bought out part of the building supplies dealer for whom he worked and organized the E.F. Hauserman Co. in 1913. The company became a leading manufacturer of interior steel partitions and was a major defense contractor during World War II. Following the war, E.F. Hauerman's sons, Fred M. Hauserman (1909-1972) and William F. Hauserman (1920-2012) led the company, including expansion into Canada and Europe. In the mid 1970s, E.F. Hauserman Company consolidated with its principle subsidiaries to become Hauserman, Inc., In 1978 the company acquired Sunar, a Canadian office furniture manufacturer and in 1983 became Sunar-Hauserman, Inc. The company closed in 1989 due to changing economic conditions. The collection consists of correspondence, financial reports, project and patent files, product literature, organizational materials, photographs, and audio recordings. 
 Call #:  MS 5361 
 Extent:  30.02 linear feet (27 containers, 8 oversize volumes, and 2 oversize folders) 
 Subjects:  Business enterprises -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Prefabricated interior architecture. | Wall panels. | Landing mats. | Pontoon bridges. | Steel plate deck bridges -- United States.
 
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17Title:  Julius and Helen K. Weil Papers, Series II     
 Creator:  Weil, Julius and Helen K. 
 Dates:  1908-1991 
 Abstract:  Julius and Helen K. Weil were German-born Jews who settled in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1941 where their achievements in geriatric social work earned them national recognition. Julius served as executive director (1941-1968), and Helen as director of social services (1943-1968), at Montefiore Home, an old age home in Cleveland Heights, Ohio. They then joined the staff of the Cornelius Schnurmann House, a housing community for senior citizens in Mayfield Heights, Ohio, as executive director and social services director. The collection consists of newspaper clippings, correspondence (in English and German), family records, patents, a doctoral dissertation, writings, and restitution claims. The family records, in German, for the Kahn and Weil families include inofrmation on births and deaths, a list of Holocaust victims, and a Weil family history. The restitution claims files cover claims made to the Federal German Republic by Helen and Julus Weil, and by Hermine Cahn, Helen's sister, for losses suffered in Germany during the government of the National Socialists. 
 Call #:  MS 4735 
 Extent:  1.00 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Weil, Julius, 1902-1989. | Weil, Helen K. (Helen Kahn), 1902- | Montefiore Home (Cleveland, Ohio) | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, German -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Refugees, Jewish -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish women -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Aged. | Aged -- Institutional care. | Social work with the aged. | Jewish aged -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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18Title:  Rollin H. White and Walter C. White Papers     
 Creator:  White, Rollin H. and Walter C. 
 Dates:  1895-1980 
 Abstract:  Rollin H. White and Walter C. White were sons of Thomas H. White, founder of the White Sewing Machine Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Rollin and Walter White, along with their brother Windsor, were involved with the early design and manufacture of automobiles. In 1899, Rollin H. White developed a steam boiler useful for powering automobiles, and in 1900 the White Steamer automobile was introduced. In 1906 the White Company, a firm separate from their father's White Sewing Machine Company, was formed by the brothers to manufacture automobiles and other vehicles. It later became the White Motor Company. The collection consists of correspondence, engineering notes, test data, newspaper clippings, a patent, a memoriam booklet, obituaries, blueprints, and reports. 
 Call #:  MS 4734 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  White, Rollin Henry, 1872-1962. | White, Walter Charles, 1876-1929. | White family. | White, Thomas Howard, 1836-1914. | White, Windsor Thomas, 1866-1958. | White Sewing Machine Company. | White Motor Company. | Automobiles, Steam. | Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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19Title:  L.N. Gross Company Records     
 Creator:  L.N. Gross Company 
 Dates:  1907-1967 
 Abstract:  The L.N. Gross Company was a manufacturer and distributor of women's apparel founded in 1898 in Cleveland, Ohio, by a Russian immigrant, Louis N. Gross. Gross was president and manager until his death in 1941, when his sons, Nedward N., William V., and Julius S. Gross, and his son-in-law, Miltor E. Reed, became active in the management of the company. By the 1960s, the third generation of the Gross family managed the company. In 1919, the company built its headquarters at 1220 West Third Street in Cleveland. In 1929, additional production sites were acquired in Kent, Ohio, and in 1937 facilities opened in Fayetteville, Tennessee. During the Depression the company was troubled by strikes as well as the general business slump. The Welworth Realty Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of the L.N. Gross Company, operated as title and leaseholder of the parent company's properties. An office was also maintained in the New York City garment district. Beginning in 1950, product manufacturing was performed by subcontractors in their own facilities. A wholly owned subsidiary, Bradley Knitwear Company, acted as sales outlet for the parent company. In 1974, company headquarters moved to Mayfield Village, Ohio. In 1984, after several years of financial difficulties, control of the company was turned over to an outside investment group, and the name was changed to Bradley Sportswear, Inc. The collection consists of a history of the company, an autobiography, passport and visa of Louis Gross, correspondence, reports, applications for patents, contracts, account books, and miscellaneous materials, including scrapbooks containing advertisements for garments made by the company. 
 Call #:  MS 3823 
 Extent:  4.00 linear feet (5 containers) 
 Subjects:  Gross, Louis N. | Gross family. | L.N. Gross Company (Cleveland, Ohio). | Clothing factories -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Clothing trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Collective bargaining -- Clothing industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Strikes and lockouts -- Clothing trade -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Women's clothing industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Industries -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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20Title:  Robert Johns Bulkley Papers     
 Creator:  Bulkley, Robert Johns 
 Dates:  1886-1967 
 Abstract:  Robert Johns Bulkley (1880-1965) was a Cleveland, Ohio, lawyer and businessman who served as a United States Congressman (1910-1914) and Senator (1930-1939). While in congress he was involved in legislation concerning Prohibition and currency reform. He was president of the Morris Plan Bank of Cleveland (1914-1952). The collection consists of correspondence, speeches, notes, reports, certificates, personal and miscellaneous printed items relating to Bulkley's personal, political and business activities. 
 Call #:  MS 3310 
 Extent:  19.50 linear feet (44 containers, 4 oversize packages, and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Bulkley, Robert Johns, 1880-1965. | Legislators -- United States -- Correspondence. | Prohibition -- United States. | Currency question -- United States. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1901-1953.
 
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