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'African Americans Civil rights Ohio Cleveland' in subject Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. in subject [X]
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1Title:  Charles W. White Papers     
 Creator:  White, Charles W. 
 Dates:  1920-1970 
 Abstract:  Charles W. White (1897-1970) was a Cleveland, Ohio, attorney who became Assistant Law Director for Cleveland (1933-1955) and Common Pleas Court judge (1955-1970). He was active in African American rights organizations and civic affairs. The collection consists of correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, awards, certificates, legal files, scrapbooks, and other papers, relating to the public and personal life of Judge White and to his activities as a member of the Urban League, NAACP, ACLU, Consumers League, East End Community Center, Karamu House, and Friends of the Cleveland Public Library. 
 Call #:  MS 3521 
 Extent:  25.61 linear feet (58 containers, 6 oversize volumes, 2 oversize folders, and 1 roll) 
 Subjects:  White, Charles William, 1897-1970. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Social conditions. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American judges -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Miscellanea. | Judges -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Miscellanea. | Civil rights movements -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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2Title:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools Records     
 Creator:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools 
 Dates:  1963-1965 
 Abstract:  The United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools was a mass boycott in protest of the racial segregation of Cleveland, Ohio, public schools held on April 20, 1964. The United Freedom Movement of Cleveland directed the school boycott. Students from Cleveland public schools were directed to attend Freedom Schools for one day, held at area churches and with a curriculum consisting of black cultural and civil rights history, art, and music. The collection consists of applications by volunteers to staff schools, curricula, organizational charts, flyers, newspaper clippings, and lists of schools, students, teachers, supervisors, and demonstrators. 
 Call #:  MS 4814 
 Extent:  0.50 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools. | Cleveland Public Schools. | United Freedom Movement. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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3Title:  Reverend Bruce Klunder Collection     
 Creator:  Klunder, Bruce 
 Dates:  1964-1974 
 Abstract:  Bruce Klunder (1937-1964) was a Presbyterian minister and civil rights activist who worked with various student and community groups in Cleveland, Ohio, including the United Freedom Movement. Klunder was accidentally killed in 1964 by a bulldozer while picketing the Lakeview School construction site in an effort to bring attention to school segregation in the Cleveland Public Schools. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence, newsletters, reports and programs relating to the events surrounding Klunder's death. The collection pertains to Klunder's background, religious convictions, and his fight for human rights for the black community in Cleveland. 
 Call #:  MS 4221 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Klunder, Bruce, 1937-1964. | Cleveland Public Schools. | United Freedom Movement. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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4Title:  Future Outlook League Records     
 Creator:  Future Outlook League 
 Dates:  1935-1959 
 Abstract:  The Future Outlook League was a Cleveland, Ohio, civil rights organization founded in 1935 by John Oliver Holly to promote employment, mobility, and equality for black youth and young adults in the Central area. Holly, the League's first president, was a political office holder in the area. The idea for the League grew out of dissatisfaction with the achievements of existing Negro organizations concerning employment. The organization appealed to both unskilled and semi-skilled Afro-Americans and was one of the first black organizations in the late 1930s to use picketing and economic boycotts to secure employment for Negroes. Supported primarily by weekly fees assessed to those who obtained jobs through the League, the organization integrated staffs of banks, stores, utilities, and industry. Integration of area neighborhoods was also a concern. The collection consists of minutes, financial materials, subject files, scrapbooks, and membership cards. The collection pertains largely to the establishment of the League and its activities in promoting employment and civil rights on behalf of Cleveland's black community. The membership cards reveal characteristics of that community by providing information on marital status, age, occupation, education, and residence. The scrapbooks detail the League's activities against small, local establishments, as well as national chains, such as the A&P Company, Belle Vernon Products, Lawson's Stores, and People's Drug Stores. 
 Call #:  MS 4171 
 Extent:  5.91 linear feet (13 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Future Outlook League. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Black power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Boycott -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Picketing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions.
 
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5Title:  James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers     
 Creator:  Hardiman, James L. 
 Dates:  1972-2001 
 Abstract:  James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. With over 40 years of experience litigating complex civil liberties issues, Hardiman is also noted for his work challenging at-large elections of municipal court judges in Ohio and dedication to just criminal defense. In 2010, Hardiman was named the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio, where he continues to fight for civil rights. The collection consists of agendas, budgets, correspondence (general and professional), handbooks, legal briefs, memoranda, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, proposals, reports, testimony, transcripts, trial exhibits, and unofficial legal files. 
 Call #:  MS 5123 
 Extent:  30.40 linear feet (31 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Public Schools. | Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education.
 
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