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'African Americans Ohio Cleveland' in subject African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. in subject [X]
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. in subject [X]
Manuscript Collection in format [X]
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1Title:  Future Outlook League Records     
 Creator:  Future Outlook League 
 Dates:  1935-1959 
 Abstract:  The Future Outlook League was a Cleveland, Ohio, civil rights organization founded in 1935 by John Oliver Holly to promote employment, mobility, and equality for black youth and young adults in the Central area. Holly, the League's first president, was a political office holder in the area. The idea for the League grew out of dissatisfaction with the achievements of existing Negro organizations concerning employment. The organization appealed to both unskilled and semi-skilled Afro-Americans and was one of the first black organizations in the late 1930s to use picketing and economic boycotts to secure employment for Negroes. Supported primarily by weekly fees assessed to those who obtained jobs through the League, the organization integrated staffs of banks, stores, utilities, and industry. Integration of area neighborhoods was also a concern. The collection consists of minutes, financial materials, subject files, scrapbooks, and membership cards. The collection pertains largely to the establishment of the League and its activities in promoting employment and civil rights on behalf of Cleveland's black community. The membership cards reveal characteristics of that community by providing information on marital status, age, occupation, education, and residence. The scrapbooks detail the League's activities against small, local establishments, as well as national chains, such as the A&P Company, Belle Vernon Products, Lawson's Stores, and People's Drug Stores. 
 Call #:  MS 4171 
 Extent:  5.91 linear feet (13 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Future Outlook League. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Black power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Boycott -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Picketing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions.
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2Title:  Urban League of Cleveland Records, Series II     
 Creator:  Urban League of Cleveland 
 Dates:  1964-1981 
 Abstract:  The Urban League of Cleveland was organized in 1917, in Cleveland, Ohio, as the Negro Welfare Association of Cleveland to aid the adjustment of black workers coming to Cleveland during the Great Migration following World War I. Led by Wm. R. Conners for the first 25 years, it joined the National Urban League in 1930 and changed its name to the Urban League of Cleveland in 1940. Formed initially to confront barriers to economic opportunities and find jobs for black workers, by the 1930s the primary goal of the League was the issue of improved housing. Its purpose is interracial planning to help the community devise solutions to social and economic problems. The collection consists of minutes, correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, contracts, memoranda and other papers relating to the organization's operation, especially Operation Equality, a subdivision of the organization concerned with fair housing issues. This collection is essential for those interested in the issues of race relations and open housing in Cleveland. Records and reports of organizations such as Operation Equality, the Fair Housing Council, which consisted of several local fair housing groups including Operation Equality, and National Neighbors, a national organization which promoted peaceful integration, comprise a large part of the collection. 
 Call #:  MS 4206 
 Extent:  10.00 linear feet (10 containers) 
 Subjects:  Urban League of Cleveland -- Archives. | African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Discrimination in housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Discrimination in housing -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Discrimination in employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Affirmative action programs -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
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