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'African Americans Ohio Cleveland' in subject Stokes, Carl in subject [X]
African Americans -- Civil rights in subject [X]
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1Title:  Stokes Oral History Collection     
 Creator:  Cuyahoga Community College, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland State University 
 Dates:  2017 
 Abstract:  Carl Stokes, and his brother Louis, were groundbreaking African-American politicians from Cleveland, Ohio. Carl Stokes became the first black mayor of a major U.S. city when elected in 1967. Louis Stokes was the first African-American congressman from Ohio when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1968, a position he held for 15 consecutive terms. During Carl Stokes' two mayoral terms, city hall jobs were opened to blacks and women, and a number of urban renewal projects initiated. Between 1983 and 1994 Carl Stokes served as municipal judge, and in 1994 was appointed by President Clinton as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Seychelles. Louis Stokes began his career as a civil rights attorney and helped challenge the Ohio redistricting in 1965 that fragmented African-American voting strength. In 1967, Louis Stokes argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Terry v. Ohio case, also known as the "stop-and-frisk" case. In the 1970s, Louis Stokes served as chair of the House Select Committee on Assassinations and in the 1980s was a noted member of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. The interviews were conducted during 2017 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Carl Stokes' election as mayor and the election of Louis Stokes to Congress. The collection includes video recordings of 38 individuals, transcripts, interview release forms, and protocols. 
 Call #:  MS 5416 
 Extent:  0.81 linear feet (3 containers) 
 Subjects:  African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Stokes, Carl | Stokes, Louis | Stokes family
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2Title:  Louis Stokes Scrapbooks     
 Creator:  Stokes, Louis 
 Dates:  1948-1998 
 Abstract:  Louis Stokes (b. 1925) served in the United States House of Representatives from the 21st and 11th congressional districts of Ohio from 1968-1999, representing the east side of Cleveland and several of its suburbs. The first African American from Ohio to serve in the House of Representatives, Stokes chaired the House Select Committee on Assassinations, the Ethics Committee, the House Intelligence Committee, and the Appropriations Subcommittee on Veterans Affairs, HUD and independent agencies as well as work on the House Select Committee on Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. He was also a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus and the dean of the Ohio Congressional Delegation. The collection consists of 31 volumes containing mostly newspaper articles and clippings but also including awards, certificates, Congressional Record excerpts, editorials, invitations, magazine articles, newsletters, pamphlets, press releases, programs, and other such material. There is also an external hard-drive included with digital images of the volumes. 
 Call #:  MS 5152 
 Extent:  10.20 linear feet (31 volumes and 1 container) 
 Subjects:  African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland | African Americans -- Civil rights | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government | Congressional Black Caucus | Forbes, George L., 1931- | Jackson, Jesse, 1941- | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People | Stokes family | Stokes, Carl | Stokes, Louis, 1925-
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