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'African Americans Ohio Cleveland' in subject Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. in subject [X]
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African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (6)
Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland.[X]
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. (5)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. (4)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. (4)
Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. (3)
Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) (3)
Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. (2)
African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. (2)
Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. (2)
Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Stokes, Carl. (2)
Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African Americans -- Civil rights (1)
African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Air -- Pollution -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charitable contributions. (1)
Camp Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor's Council on Youth Opportunities. (1)
Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority. (1)
Cleveland Transit System. (1)
Cleveland: NOW! (1)
Cleveland: NOW! -- Archives. (1)
Community centers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Council for Economic Opportunities in Greater Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Evans, Fred (Fred Ahmed), d.1978. (1)
Fund raising -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Glenco Enterprises, Inc. (1)
Health planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Hough Area Partners in Progress. (1)
Institute of Man and Science. (1)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Job creation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
League Park Center (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Lewis, Fannie M., 1926- (1)
Martin Luther King, Jr. Plaza Corporation. (1)
Near West Side Multi-Service Center (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Neighborhood -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
North Coast Village Steering Committee. (1)
Poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
Porter, Roderick Boyd. (1)
Recreation and juvenile delinquency. (1)
Social settlements -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Social work with African Americans. (1)
Social work with youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Stokes family (1)
Stokes, Carl (1)
Stokes, Louis (1)
William Bingham Foundation. (1)
Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Recreation. (1)
Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
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1Title:  League Park Center Records     
 Creator:  League Park Center 
 Dates:  1952-1970 
 Abstract:  League Park Center, Inc. (f. 1949), located in the Hough neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, was started by the Welfare Federation of Cleveland with two social workers in the old business office of League Park (6601 Lexington Ave.), with additional facilities at nearby Dunham Church of Christ. The Center has always had close ties with the Neighborhood Settlement Association, the Center focusing on the "development of Cleveland's inner city youth," with such programs as Headstart and athletic activities. The Center's other interests included improvement of the neighborhood and encouragement of street clubs, which worked for block and street preservation and sometimes promoted youth activities. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, a code of regulations, minutes, annual reports, correspondence, legal and financial papers, project reports, memoranda, newspaper clippings, and pamphlets and posters published by the corporation. 
 Call #:  MS 4238 
 Extent:  2.0 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  League Park Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social work with African Americans. | Neighborhood -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social settlements -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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2Title:  Fannie M. Lewis Papers     
 Creator:  Lewis, Fannie M. 
 Dates:  1965-1976 
 Abstract:  Fannie M. Lewis (1926-2008) was an African American activist and Cleveland, Ohio, councilwoman. She was involved in a number of Hough neighborhood improvement programs, including Community Action for Youth, Neighborhood Youth Corps, Model Cities Association, and the Citizen's Participation Organization. She became a city councilwoman from Cleveland's Ward 7 in 1982. The collection consists of personal papers and the records and subject files relating to Lewis' work with the Model Cities Association, Neighborhood Youth Corps, and other community organizations. Included are articles of incorporation, bylaws, trustee minutes, monthly reports, financial records, proposals, correspondence, memoranda, residency lists, posters, and newspaper clippings. The collection is useful to the study of Cleveland community development programs and Fanny Lewis' efforts with these programs. Some materials relate to racism, politics, and local government in Cleveland during the 1960s and 1970s. 
 Call #:  MS 4341 
 Extent:  14.00 linear feet (16 containers) 
 Subjects:  Lewis, Fannie M., 1926- | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Health planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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3Title:  Roderick Boyd Porter Papers     
 Creator:  Porter, Roderick Boyd 
 Dates:  1980-1985 
 Abstract:  Roderick Boyd Porter served as the Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Archivist (1973-1985) and was active in neighborhood redevelopment and historic preservation in the Greater Cleveland, Ohio, area. Porter also served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Western Reserve Historical Society, as a trustee of the Cleveland Area Arts Council, and a member of the Rowfant Club. He was a member of the North Coast Village Steering Committee in the 1980s, which played a key role in the Lexington Village project and revitalization efforts in the Hough area community of Cleveland, Ohio. The collection consists of planning and development documents, project reports, proposals, correspondence, minutes, memoranda, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and personal notes. The collection pertains to the revitalization of the Hough area, an inner city neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio. It illustrates the involvement of urban renewal and re-development organizations such as the William Bingham Foundation, North Coast Village Steering Committee, the Institute of Man and Science, Glenco, and the Hough Area Partners in Progress. 
 Call #:  MS 4646 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Porter, Roderick Boyd. | William Bingham Foundation. | North Coast Village Steering Committee. | Glenco Enterprises, Inc. | Institute of Man and Science. | Martin Luther King, Jr. Plaza Corporation. | Hough Area Partners in Progress. | Council for Economic Opportunities in Greater Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) | Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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4Title:  Stokes Oral History Collection     
 Creator:  Cuyahoga Community College, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland State University 
 Dates:  2017 
 Abstract:  Carl Stokes, and his brother Louis, were groundbreaking African-American politicians from Cleveland, Ohio. Carl Stokes became the first black mayor of a major U.S. city when elected in 1967. Louis Stokes was the first African-American congressman from Ohio when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1968, a position he held for 15 consecutive terms. During Carl Stokes' two mayoral terms, city hall jobs were opened to blacks and women, and a number of urban renewal projects initiated. Between 1983 and 1994 Carl Stokes served as municipal judge, and in 1994 was appointed by President Clinton as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Seychelles. Louis Stokes began his career as a civil rights attorney and helped challenge the Ohio redistricting in 1965 that fragmented African-American voting strength. In 1967, Louis Stokes argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Terry v. Ohio case, also known as the "stop-and-frisk" case. In the 1970s, Louis Stokes served as chair of the House Select Committee on Assassinations and in the 1980s was a noted member of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. The interviews were conducted during 2017 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Carl Stokes' election as mayor and the election of Louis Stokes to Congress. The collection includes video recordings of 38 individuals, transcripts, interview release forms, and protocols. 
 Call #:  MS 5416 
 Extent:  0.81 linear feet (3 containers) 
 Subjects:  African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Stokes, Carl | Stokes, Louis | Stokes family
 
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5Title:  Carl Stokes Papers     
 Creator:  Stokes, Carl 
 Dates:  1956-1972 
 Abstract:  Carl Stokes (1927-1996) was the Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1967-1971. Stokes was the first African American mayor of a major American city and the first African American Democrat in the Ohio State Legislature, where he served three terms from 1962-1967. As mayor, Stokes launched a number of programs to alleviate the problems of urban decay. Chief among these was Cleveland: NOW!, a joint public and private program with plans to raise $177 million in its first two years to revitalize Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout in July, 1968. Under Stokes, Cleveland City Council passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Ordinance, and HUD resumed funding projects aiding in the construction of over 3,000 new low- and middle-income housing units. Stokes became a newscaster with NBC television in 1972, and returned to his law practice in Cleveland in 1980. In 1983, Stokes was elected a municipal court judge. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, and newspaper clippings pertaining to the political career of Carl B. Stokes, including his terms in the Ohio State legislature, his mayoral campaigns, and particularly his tenure as mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. The collection details the organization of the mayor's office, and illustrates the problems that Blacks in the vanguard of social and political progress faced, as well as the challenges faced by any urban leader in the turbulent 1960s and early 1970s. Key events in Stokes' administration are illustrated, including the Glenville Shootout, the hiring and resignation of Safety Director Gen. Ben Davis, the activities of the Mayor's Council on Youth Opportunities, and Cleveland: NOW! The work of then City Council President James Stanton is represented, along with material relating to Stokes' brother Louis. Notable correspondents include Hubert Humphrey, Walter Mondale, Robert F. Kennedy, Spiro Agnew, Cyrus Eaton, Edward Kennedy, George Forbes, Jesse Jackson, and Howard Metzenbaum. 
 Call #:  MS 4370 
 Extent:  104.51 linear feet (107 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Stokes, Carl. | Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority. | Cleveland Transit System. | Cleveland: NOW! | African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. | Air -- Pollution -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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6Title:  Cleveland: NOW! Records     
 Creator:  Cleveland: NOW! 
 Dates:  1967-1977 
 Abstract:  Cleveland: NOW! was a multiracial joint public and private program for extensive urban renewal and revitalization in Cleveland, Ohio, created by Mayor Carl B. Stokes following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968. The program planned to raise $1.5 billion over ten years. The first 2-year phase called for spending $177 million for projects in eight areas: neighborhood housing rehabilitation; accelerated urban renewal; the creation of 16,000 jobs; expansion of small business opportunities; city planning; health, welfare, and day care centers; summer recreation programs for youth; and the construction of Camp Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout of July 23, 1968, a gun battle between police and members of the Black Nationalists Organization of New Libya who obtained weapons with funds received indirectly from Cleveland: NOW! Stokes and the NOW! trustees were sued in 1970 by 8 policemen wounded in the shootout, but the suit was dismissed in 1977. Although Cleveland: NOW! met many of its initial goals, the organization ceased activities for the most part after 1970, and was formally dissolved in 1980. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, minutes, board of trustees records, correspondence, financial records, records of the major programs, publicity information, newspaper clippings, and proceedings of lawsuits. The collection pertains to a dramatic, multiracial attempt on a large scale to address and ameliorate a wide range of social ills by initial infusions of large amounts of money. The financial records and contributors correspondence contain detailed information for a possible demographic examination of contributors to the program. 
 Call #:  MS 4501 
 Extent:  3.80 linear feet (5 containers) 
 Subjects:  Stokes, Carl. | Evans, Fred (Fred Ahmed), d.1978. | Cleveland: NOW! -- Archives. | Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor's Council on Youth Opportunities. | Near West Side Multi-Service Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community centers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Recreation. | Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social work with youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Job creation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Fund raising -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Recreation and juvenile delinquency. | Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charitable contributions. | Camp Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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