http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification 720 XTF Search Results (subject=African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland;subject-join=exact;smode=simple;brand=default) http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/search?subject%3DAfrican%20Americans%20--%20Ohio%20--%20Cleveland;subject-join%3Dexact;smode%3Dsimple;brand%3Ddefault Results for your query: subject=African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland;subject-join=exact;smode=simple;brand=default Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT 18th annual Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. commemorative celebration: Sunday, January 4, 1998. Western Reserve Historical Society African American Archives Auxiliary. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT The Advocate (Cleveland, Ohio : 1914). Forte, Ormond A. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Albert M. Pennybacker Papers. Pennybacker, Albert M. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3743.xml Albert Pennybacker was a civil rights activist and pastor of Heights Christian Church in the Cleveland, Ohio, suburb of Shaker Heights. The collection consists of correspondence with civil rights workers and organizations, including the Cleveland Board of Education, the League of Women Voters of Shaker Heights, the Welfare Federation, and Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld. Also included are committee minutes and reports, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and news releases of groups including the Citizens' Commission of Shaker Heights, the Cleveland Interfaith Housing Corporation, the Emergency Clergy Committee on Civil Rights, Laymen for Civil Rights, and the Ludlow Community Association. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3743.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Alexander Martin Family Papers. Martin, Alexander Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5210.xml The Alexander Martin family was a prominent African American family in Cleveland, Ohio. Alexander H. Martin Sr. graduated with a law degree from Western Reserve University in 1897, one of the first African Americans to do so. Martin had a long career as an attorney and was active in Cleveland city politics. His wife, Mary Brown Martin, was a teacher and the first African American to serve on the Cleveland Public School Board. Their son, Alexander H. Martin, Jr. was an attorney and the first African American to run for mayor of Cleveland. Their daughter, Lydia, was a librarian at Western Reserve University. Sarah Martin Pereira, another daughter, was noted for her scholarship and her commitment to education. The collection consists of awards, biographies, certificates, correspondence, diplomas, a funeral book, histories, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, programs, and publications. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5210.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT The Aliened American. Day, William Howard, 1825-1900 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Ardelia Bradley Dixon Papers. Dixon, Ardelia Bradley http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5199.xml Ardelia Bradley Dixon (1916-1991) was a lifelong African American rights activist and philanthropist in Cleveland, Ohio. Dixon served as secretary at the Antioch Baptist Church, Central High School, and John Hay High School. She served on the boards and committees of the Cleveland Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Cleveland Public Library. In 1963, Dixon took part in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom for Colored People led by Martin Luther King, Jr., and was passionate about the issues of desegregation in schools and racial violence. She volunteered at the Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland, the National Council of Churches, Fairhill Mental Health Center, and the Phillis Wheatley Center. The collection includes booklets, brochures, cards, church programs, correspondence, funeral booklets, hymns, letters, letters to the editor of the Plain Dealer, magazine and newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, photographs and negatives, postcard... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5199.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Arthur and Murtis Taylor Family Papers. Taylor, Arthur and Murtis Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4439.xml Arthur and Murtis Taylor were community leaders active in Cleveland, Ohio, African American organizations. They both worked at Karamu House and Outhwaite Homes Housing Project. Arthur then became an insurance underwriter and Murtis became director of Mount Pleasant Community Center and coordinator of the Federation for Community Planning's Project on Aging. Their son Bruce was a biomedical engineer researching artificial arteries at Akron City Hospital. Their son Howard became associate professor of sociology at Syracuse University in 1969. The entire family was named Outstanding Family of the Year in 1968 by the Urban League. The collection includes biographical items, correspondence, clippings, writings by Murtis, Bruce, and especially, Howard F. Taylor, and miscellany, including a marriage license, programs and certificates. The collection pertains largely to the careers and community activities of a Cleveland Afro-American family and includes some materials on social work, sociology, and medicine. Includ... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4439.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Autobiography of John Malvin: A narrative, containing an authentic account of his fifty years' struggle in the state of Ohio in behalf of the American slave, and the equal rights of all men before the law without reference to race or color; forty-seven years of said time being expended in the city of Cleveland. Malvin, John, 1795-1880 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Autobiography of John Malvin: A narrative, containing an authentic account of his fifty years' struggle in the state of Ohio in behalf of the American slave, and the equal rights of all men before the law without reference to race or color; forty-seven years of said time being expended in the city of Cleveland. Malvin, John, 1795-1880 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Bertha Blue Family Papers. Blue, Bertha Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4630.xml Bertha Blue was a member of a well known African American family in Cleveland, Ohio. She was a teacher at the Murray Hill Elementary School located in Little Italy, an Italian immigrant neighborhood on Cleveland's East side, from 1903 to 1947. The collection consists of Bertha Blue's art course notebook, correspondence, newspaper clippings, St. John African Methodist Episcopal newsletters, scrapbooks, and Jane Lee Darr's resume and writings. The collection also contains newspaper clippings on Blue's friend, Noble Sissle. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4630.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Bitter plague of slums: misery lives behind a Cleveland facade. Welch, Paul. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Black Americans in Cleveland from George Peake to Carl B. Stokes, 1796-1969. Davis, Russell H. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Black Americans in Cleveland from George Peake to Carl B. Stokes, 1796-1969. Davis, Russell H. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Black Cleveland: The origins and development of a ghetto, 1890-1930. Kusmer, Kenneth L., 1945- http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Black Folk Art in Cleveland Records. Black Folk Art in Cleveland http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4640.xml The Black Folk Art in Cleveland exhibition was presented in 1984 by the Mather Gallery of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. The exhibit was the result of a search for Cleveland's African American folk artists and the works created by them. It featured folk artists Peggy Davenport, Reverend Albert Wagner, Ruby Hall, Helen Dobbins, Jim Moss, Mickey Towns, Benjamin Collins, Perkine Lard, Marcella Welch, Nick Biggins, and J.D. Harmon. The collection consists of notebooks containing festivals and exhibition notes, a catalog, posters, newspaper clippings, and correspondence. It includes some biographical information about the participating artists, planning notes for the exhibit festival, and an exhibition catalog and poster. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4640.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Businessmen's Interracial Committee on Community Affairs Records. Businessmen's Interracial Committee on Community Affairs http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4668.xml The Businessmen's Interracial Committee on Community Affairs (BICCA) was organized in 1964 in Cleveland, Ohio, at a time of unrest in the community, in order to establish communication and develop understanding between leaders of Cleveland's business and African American communities. The BICCA was a committee of the Greater Cleveland Associated Foundation, which provided funding, services, and facilities. Additional financial support was supplied by local corporations. The collection consists of a report on the beginnings and early activity of the Committee, with copies of relevant articles, correspondence, and subcommittee reports, as well as annual reports. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4668.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Call and post. Walker, William O., 1896-1981 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Carl Stokes Papers. Stokes, Carl http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4370.xml Carl Stokes (1927-1996) was the Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1967-1971. Stokes was the first African American mayor of a major American city and the first African American Democrat in the Ohio State Legislature, where he served three terms from 1962-1967. As mayor, Stokes launched a number of programs to alleviate the problems of urban decay. Chief among these was Cleveland: NOW!, a joint public and private program with plans to raise $177 million in its first two years to revitalize Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout in July, 1968. Under Stokes, Cleveland City Council passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Ordinance, and HUD resumed funding projects aiding in the construction of over 3,000 new low- and middle-income housing units. Stokes became a newscaster with NBC television in 1972, and returned to his law practice in Cleveland in 1980. In 1983, Stokes was elected a municipal court judge. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, and ne... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4370.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT Carl Stokes Papers, Series II. Stokes, Carl http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4800.xml Carl Stokes was the mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1967-1971. Stokes was the first African American mayor of a major American city and the first African American Democrat in the Ohio State Legislature, where he served three terms from 1962-1967. As mayor, Stokes launched a number of programs to alleviate the problems of urban decay. Chief among these was Cleveland: NOW!, a joint public and private program with plans to raise $177 million in its first two years to revitalize Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout in July, 1968. Under Stokes, Cleveland City Council passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Ordinance, and HUD resumed funding projects aiding in the construction of over 3,000 new low- and middle-income housing units. Stokes became a newscaster with NBC television in 1972, and returned to his law practice in Cleveland in 1980. In 1983, Stokes was elected a municipal court judge. The collection consists of speeches, correspondence, datebooks, budgets, lectures, newspaper... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4800.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT Changing neighborhoods: race and upward mobility in southeast Cleveland, 1930-1980. Michney, Todd M. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Charles Beard Papers. Beard, Charles http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4802.xml Charles Beard was born in Georgia and raised in Newport, Rhode Island. He enlisted in the United States Air Force during World War II, serving as a fighter pilot, after training at Tuskegee Air Force Base. In 1945, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, and attended Western Reserve University. In 1946, he served as a junior city planner for the City Planning Commission, and in the 1950s worked for the Cleveland Urban Renewal Agency. In the late 1950s, he was promoted to Chief City Planner for Cleveland, and in the 1960s, became the Director of Plan of Action for Tomorrow's Housing (PATH). From the late 1970s to the early 1980s, he held a position as a government liaison with the Federation for Community Planning. He also was founder of the Friends of Shaker Square and Fair Housing, Inc. He helped organize the North Coast Chapter of the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., in 1993. The collection consists of reports, speeches, proposals, correspondence, agendas, annual reports, financial statements, newsletters, notes, ordinances, ... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4802.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles Herbert Garvin Papers. Garvin, Charles Herbert http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3328.xml Charles Herbert Garvin (1890-1968) was an African American physician, civic leader and author in Cleveland, Ohio. He worked for the advancement of Blacks in the medical profession and in Cleveland social structure. the collection consists of letters, speeches, magazine articles, newspaper clippings and research notes relating to Dr. Garvin, Black physicians in Cleveland and the United States, and various medical subjects. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3328.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles P. Lucas Family Papers. Lucas, Charles family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4066.xml Charles P. Lucas was a teacher, civil rights leader, and federal housing administrator. He also served on the Board of the Cleveland Transit System. William H. Lucas was his grandfather and Reverend Charles P. Lucas, Jr. is his son. The collection consists of correspondence and other papers relating to Charles P. Lucas' career with CTS, two primers and a scrapbook of William H. Lucas, and newspaper clippings, including information on Rev. Charles P. Lucas. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4066.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles Perry Papers. Perry, Charles http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4690.xml Charles Perry, a trained musician from Cleveland, Ohio, wrote and composed "The Kennedy Prayer," a dedicatory to John F. Kennedy upon the occasion of the latter's assassination in 1963. Copies of the song were sent to Jacqueline Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and entertainers, government officials, and heads of state. A copy of the song is also housed in the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library. The collection consists of letters and cards acknowledging receipt of "The Kennedy Prayer," as well as a proclamation and a photograph. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4690.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles W. Fleming Papers. Fleming, Charles W. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4804.xml Charles W. Fleming was a Cleveland, Ohio, Municipal Court Judge, an Assistant Cuyahoga County Prosecutor, a special assistant to the Attorney General of the State of Ohio, senior partner of the Fleming, Hubbard, and Davis Law Firm in Cleveland, and a professor at Case Western Reserve University. Fleming was also involved in Masonry. The collection consists of agendas, certificates, correspondence, biographies, court cases, newsletters, booklets, newspaper clippings, lists, financial statements, minutes, schedules, reports, notes, pamphlets, programs, and resolutions. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4804.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles W. White Family Papers. White, Charles W. Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4114.xml Charles W. White (1897-1970), a lawyer and judge, and his wife Stella, a writer and journalist, were both active in African American rights organizations and civic affairs in Cleveland, Ohio. White had one daughter, Lillian. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence of White and his daughter Lillian, an original manuscript by Stella White, family history and biographical materials, and memorabilia. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4114.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles W. White Papers. White, Charles W. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3521.xml Charles W. White (1897-1970) was a Cleveland, Ohio, attorney who became Assistant Law Director for Cleveland (1933-1955) and Common Pleas Court judge (1955-1970). He was active in African American rights organizations and civic affairs. The collection consists of correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, awards, certificates, legal files, scrapbooks, and other papers, relating to the public and personal life of Judge White and to his activities as a member of the Urban League, NAACP, ACLU, Consumers League, East End Community Center, Karamu House, and Friends of the Cleveland Public Library. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3521.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles Waddell Chesnutt Papers. Chesnutt, Charles Waddell http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3370.xml Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932) was a Cleveland, Ohio, court reporter, novelist and short story writer. He was the first African American novelist and short story writer to win recognition on a nationwide scale. The collection consists of correspondence, copies of speeches and writings, newspaper clippings, invitations, programs, photographs and other papers relating to Chesnutt's activities as a court reporter and writer. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3370.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Charles Waddell Chesnutt papers, 1889-1932. Chesnutt, Charles Waddell, 1858-1932 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT City of Cleveland business and professional directory. Kynette, C. M. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT City politics and racial polarization: block voting in Cleveland elections. Cho, Yong Hyo, 1934- http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Civil rights in Cleveland, 1912 through 1961: an account of the Cleveland Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Davis, Russell H., National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Cleveland Branch. History Committee. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design Records. Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4490.xml The Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design was a Cleveland, Ohio, dressmaking, tailoring and fashion design school founded in 1925 by Amanda Wicker, primarily for young African-American women. Wicker retired and sold the school in 1979, which was still in operation in 1990. The collection consists of style show programs; also newspaper clippings, and miscellany. The style show programs include much advertising for Cleveland Afro-American businesses. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4490.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design Records, Series II. Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4605.xml The Clarke School of Dressmaking and Fashion Design was a Cleveland, Ohio, dressmaking, tailoring and fashion design school founded in 1925 by Amanda Wicker, primarily for young African-American women. Wicker retired and sold the school in 1979, which was still in operation in 1990. The collection consists of certificates, proclamations and awards related to the education, business, and philanthropic interests of Amanda Wicker, the school's owner. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4605.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT The Cleveland advocate (1918). Forte, Ormand A. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland and the Negro following World War II. Jirran, Raymond J. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland Blacks moving up: the lives of Cleveland's Black businessmen. Cager, Wilhemina. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT The Cleveland gazette (1883). Smith, Harry Clay, d. 1941 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT The Cleveland gazette (194u). http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT The Cleveland journal (1903). Brascher, Nahum Daniel. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland journal (Cleveland, Ohio). Reed, Dale C. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland: NOW! Records. Cleveland: NOW! http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4501.xml Cleveland: NOW! was a multiracial joint public and private program for extensive urban renewal and revitalization in Cleveland, Ohio, created by Mayor Carl B. Stokes following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968. The program planned to raise $1.5 billion over ten years. The first 2-year phase called for spending $177 million for projects in eight areas: neighborhood housing rehabilitation; accelerated urban renewal; the creation of 16,000 jobs; expansion of small business opportunities; city planning; health, welfare, and day care centers; summer recreation programs for youth; and the construction of Camp Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout of July 23, 1968, a gun battle between police and members of the Black Nationalists Organization of New Libya who obtained weapons with funds received indirectly from Cleveland: NOW! Stokes and the NOW! trustees were sued in 1970 by 8 policemen wounded in the shootout, but the suit was dismissed in 1977. Altho... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4501.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland still has unfinished business in its inner city: final report of the Cleveland Subcommittee of the Ohio State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. United States Commission on Civil Rights Ohio Advisory Committee. Cleveland Subcommittee. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland's unfinished business in its inner city: a report. United States Commission on Civil Rights Ohio Advisory Committee. Cleveland Subcommittee. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Cleveland's white problem: a challenge to the bar. Davis, James C., Cleveland Bar Association http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Community Action for Youth Records. Community Action for Youth http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5227.xml Community Action for Youth was a social services agency in the Hough neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, created through a federal matching grant from the President's Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime in 1963. Its goals included the reduction of juvenile delinquency and poverty through increased social services, educational opportunities, and job training. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, financial documents, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, papers, proposals, reports, speeches, and statements. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5227.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Congress of Racial Equality, Cleveland Chapter Records. Congress of Racial Equality, Cleveland Chapter http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5174.xml The Cleveland, Ohio, chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was chartered in March 1963. As a chapter of the national organization founded in Chicago, Illinois, in 1942, the Cleveland Chapter of CORE has used direct action to bring about dignity, freedom, justice, and equality for the oppressed and dispossessed people of Cleveland. While primarily working in the African American community, CORE has worked for the political, economic, and social changes necessary to improve the conditions that cause racial inequality and poverty. The collection consists of agendas, brochures, budgets, constitutions, correspondence, event notices, fact sheets, financial statements, flyers, guides, histories, lists, membership cards, minutes, news releases, newspaper clippings, notes, outlines, policy statements, programs, proposals, publications, reports, speeches, and tickets. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5174.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Cuyahoga blacks: a social and demographic study, 1850-1880. Goliber, Thomas J. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Dorothy E. Smith Family Papers. Smith, Dorothy E. Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4854.xml Dorothy E. Smith was a Cleveland, Ohio, African American music teacher and the first African American member of the Cleveland Women's Orchestra. A violinist, she was a 1931 graduate of the Cleveland Institute of Music and was a music teacher at the Cleveland Music School Settlement, the Phillis Wheatley Association, the Friendly Inn Settlement, and Knoxville College. She was also a supervisor for the Ohio State Department of Aid for the Aged until her retirement in 1973. Dorothy E. Smith was the daughter of Joseph W. Smith and Elizabeth Rayner. Joseph W. Smith moved to Cleveland in the late 1880s. He established a barbershop on Central Avenue in Cleveland, managed baseball teams in the 1890s and early 1900s, and was also a musician. The collection consists of correspondence, letters, cards, cemetery records, funeral programs, obituaries, legal files, memberships, a deed, certificates, newspaper clippings, student newspapers, playscripts, postcards, programs, reports, receipts, sheet music, yearbooks, and me... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4854.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Dorothy Layne McIntyre Family Papers. McIntyre, Dorothy Layne Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4649.xml Dorothy Layne McIntyre was one of the first African American women to receive a private pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority. She trained in the cadet flying program while attending West Virginia State College, receiving her pilot's license in 1940. During World War II she taught aircraft mechanics at the War Production Training School in Baltimore, Maryland, while simultaneously working as a secretary in the industrial department of the Baltimore Urban League. In 1942, she moved to Cleveland, Ohio, and married F. Benjamin McIntyre; they had two daughters, Dianne McIntyre and Donna McIntyre Whyte. The collection consists of photocopies of original pilot log books, publications concerning aeronautics, newspaper clippings, and correspondence. The collection pertains to Doroty McIntyre's career in the aeronautics industry. Also included are articles and other information concerning Dianne McIntyre and her dance group, Sounds in Motion, particularly concerning their production of "Take-Off from ... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4649.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Dovie Davis Sweet Papers. Sweet, Dovie Davis http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4204.xml Dovie Davis Sweet was a primary teacher in the Cleveland Public Schools, author, and active member of the Cleveland, Ohio, African American community. She wrote "Red light, green light", a children's book about Clevelander Garrett Morgan, and was active in many community groups. She helped organize the Glenville Area Community Council, Parkgate Avenue Street Club, East 111th Street Club, and the Retired Teachers' Union. She served as vice-president of the Cleveland Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and helped with its membership drive, Freedom Fund dinner, march on Washington, and discrimination surveys. The collection consists of biographical materials, correspondence, files on the writing and promotion of "Red light, green light", clippings, and subject files, including those for the NAACP, the National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Club, Florida Club, Delta Sigma Theta Club, and St. John's A.M.E. Church. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4204.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Dr. Zelma Watson George Papers and Photographs. George, Dr. Zelma Watson http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5415.xml Dr. Zelma Watson George (1903-1994) was born in Texas in 1903. As an African American woman coming of age in the early twentieth century, she and her family endured discrimination in many situations. She graduated from high school in Topeka, Kansas, went on to college at the University of Chicago, and eventually earned her Ph.D. from New York University. She moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in the 1940s and became renown for her musical talents and research, diplomatic career, her contributions to the civil rights movement locally, and her career as an administrator and educator/lecturer. The collection consists of agendas, awards, brochures, budgets, by-laws, calendars, cassette tapes, certificates, charters, contracts, correspondence, diaries, a dissertation, financial documents, flyers, forms, guest books, invitations, journal articles, lectures, magazine articles, memoranda, minutes, music scores, negatives (approximately 20), newsletters, newspaper articles and clippings, note cards, notes, passports, pho... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5415.xml Mon, 01 Jan 2018 12:00:00 GMT E. F. Boyd and Son Funeral Home Records, Series II. E. F. Boyd and Son Funeral Home http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4908.xml E. F. Boyd and Son Funeral Home is one of the oldest African American funeral homes in Cleveland, Ohio. Known earlier as Boyd's Funeral Home, the name was changed to E.F. Boyd & Son Funeral Home in 1938 when William F. Boyd joined his father, Elmer Franklin Boyd, in the business. Branches were opened in East Cleveland, Ohio in 1972, and in Warrensville Heights, Ohio in 1996. They arranged the funerals of many of Cleveland's most prominent citizens, white and black, as well as lesser known individuals. The collection consists of correspondence, financial records, funeral books, and notes. The funeral books comprise the bulk of the collection and include name, age, cause of death, date of funeral, type of casket, place of death, birth date, spouse's name, parents' names and cost of arrangements. The collection is of value to those researching the funeral business in Cleveland, Ohio, particularly that of Boyd Funeral Home, as well as those interested in genealogy, mortality and occupational information on Afric... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4908.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT East End Neighborhood House Records, Series II. East End Neighborhood House http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4252.xml East End Neighborhood House was founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1907. It originally offered domestic skills classes and recreational activities to new immigrants principally from Hungary. The Center is a social settlement/community center serving Cleveland's Buckeye-Woodland-Woodhill community. Hungarian during the first half of the century, this area became largely Black during the 1960s and 1970s. Throughout this period, the center adjusted its activities to meet the needs of the area and also to take advantage of newly available federal funds. The programs reflected increased attention to the needs of senior citizens and also included expanded daycare programs and mental-health programs. The collection consists of minutes of the Board of Trustees, membership lists, corporate documents, personnel and director search records, general correspondence, financial records, and general program descriptions and budget statements. The collection pertains to the center's operation and includes material relating to... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4252.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Eddy Road Street Club Records. Eddy Road Street Club http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3744.xml The Eddy Road Street Club was formed in 1966 by residents of Eddy Road in Cleveland, Ohio. Activities included beautification and crime prevention. The collection consists of by-laws, copies of minutes, correspondence, financial reports, receipts, newsletters, certificates, raffle tickets, and letterhead stationery. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3744.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT The effects of the Washington/Dubois controversy on four Black leaders in Cleveland: 1900-1910. Ross, George R. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Eliza Bryant Center Auxiliary II Records. Eliza Bryant Center Auxiliary II http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4637.xml The Eliza Bryant Center Auxiliary II, formerly known as the Junior Board of the Eliza Bryant Center, was a group founded by African American women in 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio. Organized by Bessie Blue, it was to provide residents of the Eliza Bryant Center, a home for the African American elderly, with a cheerful and homelike atmosphere. Members of the Auxiliary raised funds to purchase items and supplies such as kitchen equipment, linen, beds, carpeting, and electronics. The collection consists of codes of regulation, constitutions, historical data, minutes, correspondence, financial statements and reports, rosters, Christmas Mart and other program documents, newspaper clippings, memorabilia, proclamations, and resolutions. The collection pertains largely to fundraising events sponsored by the Auxiliary, one of of the best known being the annual Christmas Mart. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4637.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Ella Mae Cheeks Johnson Papers. Johnson, Ella Mae Cheeks http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5068.xml Ella Mae Cheeks Johnson was born in Dallas, Texas, in 1904. Orphaned at age four, she was raised by the Davis family. She attended Dallas Colored High School and Fisk University before applying to the School of Applied Social Sciences at Western Reserve University. Johnson graduated in 1928 with a master's degree in social work. As a social worker, Johnson was first employed by Associated Charities of Cleveland, Ohio. Later, she worked for the Cuyahoga County Department of Welfare in conjunction with the federal program Aid to Dependent Children. She retired in 1961. Johnson married Elmer Cheeks in 1929. They had two sons. Cheeks died in 1941, and Johnson married Raymond Johnson in 1957. He died in 1983. Mrs. Johnson was an active member of Mt. Zion Congregational Church, an avid reader and traveler, and a supporter of a variety of charities. At age 105, she attended the inauguration of President Barack Obama in Washington, D.C. Soon after, with the assistance of a freelance writer, she wrote her autobiograph... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5068.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity, Cleveland Chapter Records. Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity, Cleveland Chapter http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4199.xml The Cleveland, Ohio, chapter of the Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity was the local chapter of a national organization (f. 1961) open to members in communion with the Protestant Episcopal Church. The Cleveland Chapter supported the 1968 presidential campaign of Eugene McCarthy, and the "Poor People's" Campaign with monetary and food contributions, while opposing the Vietnamese War. The collection consists of bylaws, minutes, an address by the Right Reverend John Harris Burt, membership lists, and a membership card file. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4199.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Eugene Bailey Papers. Bailey, Eugene http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4440.xml Eugene Bailey was an African American from Cleveland, Ohio, who attended Virginia State College for Negroes, excelling in athletics. Bailey became physical education director at Booker T. Washington High School in Norfolk, Va. and then enlisted in the Navy at the start of World War II. In 1942, he was killed in an explosion at the Norfolk Navy Yard. The collection includes correspondence, certificates, memorabilia, scrapbooks, and newspaper clippings pertaining to the life and death of Bailey, especially as a youth and young adult during the Great Depression. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4440.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT An explanation of conventional and unconventional political behavior: Marx, Lebon and the survey research center in the Cleveland ghetto. Bowen, Elinor Rubens. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Faith Community United Credit Union Records. Faith Community United Credit Union http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5218.xml Faith Community United Credit Union was founded in Cleveland, Ohio, as the Mount Sinai Baptist Church Credit Union in 1952 through the leadership of pastor Luther Hill. The collection consists of an anniversary booklet, annual meeting proceedings, and correspondence. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5218.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Fannie M. Lewis Papers. Lewis, Fannie M. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4341.xml Fannie M. Lewis (1926-2008) was an African American activist and Cleveland, Ohio, councilwoman. She was involved in a number of Hough neighborhood improvement programs, including Community Action for Youth, Neighborhood Youth Corps, Model Cities Association, and the Citizen's Participation Organization. She became a city councilwoman from Cleveland's Ward 7 in 1982. The collection consists of personal papers and the records and subject files relating to Lewis' work with the Model Cities Association, Neighborhood Youth Corps, and other community organizations. Included are articles of incorporation, bylaws, trustee minutes, monthly reports, financial records, proposals, correspondence, memoranda, residency lists, posters, and newspaper clippings. The collection is useful to the study of Cleveland community development programs and Fanny Lewis' efforts with these programs. Some materials relate to racism, politics, and local government in Cleveland during the 1960s and 1970s. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4341.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Fifth Christian Church Records. Fifth Christian Church http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5233.xml Fifth Christian Church, founded in 1964, is a predominately African-American church in the Disciples of Christ denomination located on Benwood Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio. The church is a life member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and was recognized in 2009 by the Disciples of Christ for performing a significant number of baptisms. The collection consists of budgets, meeting minutes, membership lists, and programs. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5233.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Former Junior Federation Records. Former Junior Federation http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4235.xml The Former Junior Federation (f. 1927) was an African American women's social club constituted of the former members of the Junior Federation in Cleveland, Ohio. It was originally called the Gertrude Fisher Club after the founder who molded a group of youngsters into an organization that gathered in each other's homes. The aims of the club were to instill an understanding of the body of culture and thought in the world, to train women to become more efficient club members and better citizens, and to promote service and philanthropy as well as social and cultural interests. In the 1950s they became members of the Council of Colored Women and renamed themselves the Junior Girls Federation. By 1965 they had again changed their name, this time to the Former Junior Federation, but continued their social, civic and friendly activities. The collection consists of a constitution, bylaws, membership rosters, minutes, financial statements, correspondence, clippings, and memorabilia. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4235.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Frank Lyons Papers. Lyons, Frank http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4249.xml Frank Lyons (1894-1974) was a lawyer, politician and civic leader active in Cleveland, Ohio's African American community. The collection consists of correspondence dealing with Lyons' law career, political involvement, and personal life, as well as organizational records, political campaign files, appointment books and journals, and legal case materials, including discrimination suits Lyons handled for the Future Outlook League and Robert Woodall. The collection pertains to Lyons' political aspirations and activities in various ward clubs, his community service in such organizations as the Urban League, St. Marks Presbyterian Church, and the Woodland Center Neighborhood House, and his discrimination cases. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4249.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT Fred McClellan Crosby Papers. Crosby, Fred McClellan http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4198.xml Fred McClellan Crosby (b. 1928) was the President of Crosby Furniture Company and active in the Cleveland, Ohio, African American community. Crosby served on various boards such as the Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Minority Economic Development Corporation, Council of Small Enterprises and the Cleveland Business League. He was active in numerous civic groups as well, including the Y.M.C.A., Urban League, Forest City Hospital, Glenville Development Corporation, Goodwill Industries, Boy Scouts and United Torch. The collection consists of photocopies of scrapbooks containing newspaper clippings, programs, photographs, and correspondence. This collection pertains primarily to Fred Crosby's business, career and civic activities in Cleveland's African American community. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4198.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Friendly Inn Social Settlement Records. Friendly Inn Social Settlement http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3526.xml The Friendly Inn Social Settlement is a Cleveland, Ohio, settlement house founded in 1874 by members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. It offered a full range of services and social activities, including an outreach program for delinquent boys. Its service area became the center of Cleveland's African American community. The collection consists of minutes, financial statements, reports, evaluations, club journals, correspondence, newspaper clippings, expense accounts, and records of the Women's Philanthropic Union. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3526.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Friendly Inn Social Settlement Records, Series II. Friendly Inn Social Settlement http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4259.xml The Friendly Inn Social Settlement is a Cleveland, Ohio, social settlement founded in 1874 by the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and located in various city neighborhoods, including Broadway and Central, Woodland, and Carver Park Estates. The collection consists of scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, and printed materials. The collection is primarily concerned with the Junior Board and includes material relating to its fund raising activities, the 75th anniversary celebration, and other activities. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4259.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT The future is yours: the history of the future Outlook League, 1935-1946. Loeb, Charles Harold, 1905- http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT The Future Outlook League of Cleveland: a Negro protest organization. Zinz, Kenneth M. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Future Outlook League Records. Future Outlook League http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4171.xml The Future Outlook League was a Cleveland, Ohio, civil rights organization founded in 1935 by John Oliver Holly to promote employment, mobility, and equality for black youth and young adults in the Central area. Holly, the League's first president, was a political office holder in the area. The idea for the League grew out of dissatisfaction with the achievements of existing Negro organizations concerning employment. The organization appealed to both unskilled and semi-skilled Afro-Americans and was one of the first black organizations in the late 1930s to use picketing and economic boycotts to secure employment for Negroes. Supported primarily by weekly fees assessed to those who obtained jobs through the League, the organization integrated staffs of banks, stores, utilities, and industry. Integration of area neighborhoods was also a concern. The collection consists of minutes, financial materials, subject files, scrapbooks, and membership cards. The collection pertains largely to the establishment of the... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4171.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Garrett A. Morgan Papers. Morgan, Garrett A. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3534.xml Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963) was an entrepreneur and inventor whose inventions included the electric traffic signal and the gas mask. Morgan moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895 and opened his own sewing machine sales and repair shop in 1907. He received a patent on his gas mask in 1912 and formed the National Safety Device Co. to manufacture and market it. He also established the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Co., The Cleveland Call and Post, and the Wakeman Country Club for African Americans. The collection consists of correspondence, legal and business papers, drawings of the traffic signal, a hair straightening device and an automatic cooker, maps, blueprints and floorplans of Morgan's properties, biographical sketches, newspaper clippings, and material relating to Morgan's role in the waterworks crib explosion, the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Co., the National Safety Device Co., and the Wakeman Country Club. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3534.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Garrett A. Morgan papers, 1894-1970. Morgan, Garrett A., 1877-1963, G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Company (Cleveland, Ohio), National Safety Device Company (Cleveland, Ohio), Wakeman Country Club (Wakeman, Ohio) http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Garrett A. Morgan Scrapbook. Morgan, Garrett A. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5201.xml Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963) was an African American entrepreneur and inventor whose inventions included an electric traffic signal and gas mask. Morgan moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895 and opened his own sewing machine sales and repair shop in 1907. He received a patent on his gas mask in 1912 and formed the National Safety Device Company to manufacture and market it. He also established the G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Company, The Cleveland Call and Post, and the Wakeman Country Club for African Americans. The collection consists of a scrapbook that contains mostly newspaper articles and clippings, but also includes letters detailing the success of his products, magazine clippings, pamphlets, photocopied autobiography samples, photographs, product order requests, and a subscription and induction notice to the National Geographic Society. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5201.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT The Gazette (Cleveland, Ohio : 1892). http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT George A. Myers papers ... cover the period from 1893 to 1929: [Announcement of the gift of Mrs. Dorothy Myers Grantham to the Ohio Historical Society]. Myers, George A., 1859-1930 http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT George Forbes Papers. Forbes, Geoge http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5136.xml George L. Forbes (b. 1931) was arguably the most powerful man in Cleveland, Ohio, politics during the 1970s and 1980s. His position as the President of Cleveland City Council from 1974-1989 was crucial in the relationships he formed with mayors Dennis Kucinich and George Voinovich which were sometimes contentious. He also used this prominent position to promote civil rights and minority-owned businesses. Forbes was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1931, coming to the Cleveland area in the 1950s to earn his degrees from Baldwin Wallace College in 1957 and the Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1961. A lawyer by profession, Forbes was admitted to both the Ohio and Federal Bars in 1962. In 1963 he was elected to Cleveland City Council, where he served for 27 years. He assisted Carl B. Stokes in his mayoral runs, helped to establish the 21st District Congressional Caucus to improve race relations within the Democratic party, and formed the first African-American law firm in Cleveland. He was also involve... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5136.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Glenville Health Association Records. Glenville Health Association http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4584.xml The Glenville Health Association was a private health care center that provided service to the poor in the Glenville area of Cleveland, Ohio. It began in 1970, and was located at 10640 St. Clair Avenue. It ceased services in 1989. The Cleveland Health Care Alternatives, Inc. was founded in 1985 and was made up of health care providers in the University Circle, area, including the Glenville Health Association. The collection consists of board of trustees minutes, brochures, newspaper clippings, and advertisements of the Glenville Health Association. Also included are minutes, 1985-1986, for the Operating Committee of the Cleveland Health Care Alternatives, Inc., an association of health care providers in the University Circle area of Cleveland offering services to persons on medical assistance. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4584.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Greater Avery African Methodist Episcopal Church Records. Greater Avery African Methodist Episcopal Church http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5234.xml Greater Avery African Methodist Episcopal Church was founded by Reverend James J. Price on April 21, 1918 in Cleveland, Ohio. As the membership of the church grew, Reverend Price lead the church to purchase property at 2363 East 28th Street in 1920. In 1953, Greater Avery purchased the Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Bethlehem Church on Wade Park Avenue. The collection consists of bulletins, calendars of events, correspondence, financial records, historical sketches, ledgers, newspaper clippings, programs, and scrapbooks. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5234.xml Fri, 01 Jan 2016 12:00:00 GMT The Greater Cleveland Ethnographic Museum 1978 internship report: Oral history in the German community: Oral history in the Jewish community; Archival work with the Afro-American Cultural and Historical Society. Greater Cleveland Ethnographic Museum http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Greater Cleveland Ethnographic Museum Records. Greater Cleveland Ethnographic Museum http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5175.xml The Greater Cleveland Ethnographic Museum was founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1975 to prepare exhibits for the American Revolution Bicentennial celebration in Cleveland. The exhibits were to depict contributions from Cleveland's ethnic groups to the multicultural society of the area. Following the 1976 Bicentennial celebration, the museum established a permanent office and exhibit gallery in the Old Arcade in downtown Cleveland. Although the museum closed in 1981, it was able to document the experiences of immigrants through oral histories, photographs, and other collected material. The collection consists of audio recordings, video recordings, interview transcripts, ledgers, financial documents, membership lists, board meeting minutes, correspondence, presentation materials, notes, catalog cards, exhibit materials, and museum holdings. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5175.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Harold H. Burton-Edward Blythin Papers. Burton, Harold H. and Blythin, Edward http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3828.xml Harold H. Burton (1888-1964) was mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (1935-1940). When he was elected to the United States Senate in 1940 he chose Edward Blythin (1884-1958) to fill the remainder of his last term as mayor (1941). The collection consists of office files of the mayor of Cleveland containing correspondence, reports, speeches, proclamations, and newspaper clippings, relating to routine administrative matters and topics of special interest. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3828.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Hearing held in Cleveland, Ohio, April 1-7, 1966. United States Commission on Civil Rights http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Henry Lee Moon Family Papers, Series II. Moon, Henry Lee Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4823.xml The Henry Lee Moon family was a prominent twentieth century Cleveland, Ohio, African American family involved in civil rights and community organizations. In 1912, Roddy K. Moon helped form the Cleveland Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and served as its founding president 1912-1916. He was also on the board of the Negro Welfare Association, supported the Phillis Wheatley Association, and in 1933 organized the Palmetto Club. His wife, Leah Anna Himes Moon, was a fifty-year member of the Cleveland Branch NAACP, and with her husband was a founding member of the Forest City Garden Club. Roddy and Leah Moon had three surviving children; Joseph Herbert, Ella Elizabeth, and Henry Lee. Ella Moon was a teacher, an active member of the Forest City Garden Club, and was married to Clyde Smith. Henry Lee Moon was a newspaper editor, press relations secretary for Tuskegee Institute (1926-1931), and worked for the Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration.... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4823.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Hiram House Social Settlement Records. Hiram House Social Settlement http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3319.xml Hiram House is a pioneer Cleveland, Ohio, social settlement founded in 1896 by a group of Hiram College students led by George Bellamy, who later became Commissioner of Recreation for the city of Cleveland. During the height of its growth the settlement offered a full range of social, educational and recreational activities, but since 1948 it has concentrated its resources on Hiram House Camp in the suburb of Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Before 1948 its primary service area was centered in a neighborhood populated primarily by Jews, Italians and African Americans. The collection consists of minutes, resolutions, financial statements, ledger books, legal papers, correspondence, and employment and administrative policy materials of Hiram House, correspondence and legal and financial papers of George Bellamy, and correspondence from Samuel Mather and other supporters of the settlement. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3319.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT History of Bezaleel Consistory No. 15, A.A.S.R., 1906-1971. Scottish Rite (Masonic Order) Ohio. Bezaleel Consistory., Davis, Harry E. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT A history of the Cleveland Central Area. Martin, Olivia J., Cuyahoga Metropolitan Housing Authority (Ohio) http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Hough Area Development Corporation Records. Hough Area Development Corporation http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4222.xml The Hough Area Development Corporation (f. 1967) was formed in Cleveland, Ohio, by DeForest Brown in conjunction with African American professionals and neighborhood leaders in the wake of the Hough riots by DeForest Brown to aid in bringing economic prosperity to Cleveland's Hough neighborhood. Dedicated to African American self-determination, the group initially met in secret in order to prevent competition for dollars and outside attempts to control it. The group promoted African American business entrepreneurship and better housing. The collection consists of board minutes, correspondence, clippings, legal papers, financial records, reports, and the working papers of the corporation's offices. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4222.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Hough Area Development Corporation Records, Series II. Hough Area Development Corporation http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4609.xml The Hough Area Development Corporation (f. 1967) was formed in the wake of the Hough riots by DeForest Brown in conjunction with African American professionals and neighborhood leaders to aid in bringing economic prosperity to the Hough neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio. Dedicated to African American self-determination, the group initially met in secret in order to prevent competition for dollars and outside attempts to control it. The group promoted African American business entrepreneurship and better housing. The collection consists of board minutes, reports, correspondence, audits, and newspaper clippings. The collection pertains to the final years of the organization's existence, when local financial support eroded and the Office of Community Services of the United States Department of Health and Human Services obtained its assets. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4609.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Humanist Fellowship of Liberation Records. Humanist Fellowship of Liberation http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3592.xml The Humanist Fellowship of Liberation was an African American Unitarian Universalist church formed in 1970 by former members of the First Unitarian Church, which had moved from Cleveland to Shaker Heights, Ohio. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, constitution, financial accounts, correspondence and other records of the Humanist Fellowship of Liberation; and records of the Black Affairs Council, Inc., the Black Unitarian Universalist Caucus, and the Unitarian Universalist Association. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3592.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT In Their Own Words: An Oral History Project Records. In Their Own Words: An Oral History Project http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4746.xml In Their Own Words: An Oral History Project was conducted in 1995-1996 by the African American Archives Auxiliary Youth Advisory Council and supported by the African American Archives Auxiliary of the Western Reserve Historical Society. The project was funded with grants from the Cleveland Indians and Zapis Communications. Interviews with nineteen African American individuals of diverse backgrounds from the northeastern Ohio area were conducted by high school students Jamar Doyle, Tiffany Haddon, and Amy Worthy. The collection consists of an overall report on the project by coordinator Patricia A. Miles Ashford, individual reports by the student interviewers, and transcripts of the interviews. Those interviewed include Leon Bibb, William F. Boyd, Ernestine Brown, William Grace, Anthony Gray, Kenny Gray, Lomax Gray, Floyd Hoiston, Angeline Jeter, Samuel Jethroe, John D. McClindon, Jr., Louis Naylor, Harry Robinson, Charles Sallee, Jr., Glen Shumate, Harold Thomas, Owen Lynn Tolliver, Jr., and Ernest Williams. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4746.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT James Adolph Norton Papers. Norton, James Adolph http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4539.xml James Adolph Norton was a professor of public administration at various colleges and universities around the country before moving to Cleveland, Ohio, where he served as Director of the Cleveland Foundation, chairman of the Housing Committee of the Urban League of Cleveland, and president of the American Society of Public Administrators in the 1960s. The collection consists of minutes, agendas, reports, correspondence, and publications, regarding activities of the Urban League, particularly work of the Housing Committee. Included is a report issued by the Urban League's Research Department entitled The Negro in Cleveland, 1950-1963, and issues of its two newsletters, Flash, and Stride. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4539.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT James Horton Papers. Horton, James http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3736.xml James Horton (b. 1934) was the business representative for the Building Service and Maintenance Union, Local 47, Cleveland, Ohio. He helped the union organize workers in several Cleveland hospitals and nursing homes. The collection consists of mimeograph letters from Local 47 of the Building Service and Maintenance Union to hospitals, nursing homes, other unions, and union members concerning meetings, strikes, recruitment of members, and organizing procedures. Also included are collective bargaining agreements, copies of newspaper clippings on the union and James Horton, personal papers of Mr. Horton, and printed materials concerning his band (1955-1974). http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS3736.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT James Horton Papers, Series II. Horton, James http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4306.xml James Horton was a business agent and organizer for the Building Service and Maintenance Union, Local 47, Cleveland, Ohio, who helped to unionize a number of nursing homes and served as a contract negotiator. Horton was also active in the Eddy Road Street Club, a neighborhood improvement association, and Ohio Boys Town. He was interested in political issues and wrote to a number of mayors, congressmen, and senators. The collection consists of correspondence relating to Horton's union activities, collective agreements which he helped to negotiate, material relating to the Eddy Road Street Club, letters from prominent public officials, and Horton's various awards and certificates of achievement. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4306.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Jane Lee Darr Papers. Darr, Jane Lee http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5184.xml Jane Lee Darr (1925-2006) was the adopted daughter of Bertha Blue (ca. 1877-1963). Bertha Blue was a member of a well known African American family in Cleveland, Ohio. She was a teacher at the Murray Hill Elementary School located in Little Italy, an Italian immigrant neighborhood on Cleveland's East side, from 1903 to 1947. The collection consists of artwork and biographies of Bertha Blue by Jane Lee Darr and correspondence and research files maintained by Darr on the Blue family. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS5184.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT John T. Weeden Sr. Family Papers. Weeden, John T. Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4789.xml John T. Weeden, Sr. was a prominent African-American Baptist minister in Cleveland, Ohio. He attended Indiana Central College, Butler University, Moody Bible Institute, and Case Western Reserve University. He was ordained in 1928. Reverend Weeden married the former Gladys Mae Evans in 1922. After serving as pastor at two churches in Indianapolis, Indiana, he was called in 1948 to St. Timothy Baptist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, remaining there until his death in 1988. In addition to his extensive involvement in a number of Baptist and religious organizations, Weeden was involved in civil rights and political issues, including service as co-chair of the clergy committee for Carl Stokes during the mayoral campaign of 1967. The collection consists of church programs, bulletins, brochures, bylaws, minutes, reports, sermons, certificates, cards, correspondence, memorabilia, datebooks, telegrams, financial and family records, registers, notes, speeches, lessons, postcards, passports, books, obituaries, and newspaper... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4789.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT John T. Weeden, Sr. Family Photographs. Weeden, John T. Family http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/PG498.xml John T. Weeden, Sr. (1901-1988) was a prominent African-American Baptist clergyman of Cleveland, Ohio. After pastoring two churches in Indianapolis, Indiana, he was called in 1948 to St. Timothy Baptist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, remaining there until his death in 1988. In addition to his extensive involvement in a number of Baptist and religious organizations, Weeden was involved in civil rights and political issues, including service as co-chair of the clergy committee for Carl Stokes during the mayoral campaign of 1967. The collection consists of photographs of the African-American church community of Cleveland, Ohio, and images of political activities in Cleveland, including the 1964 voter registration campaign. In addition to photographs of Reverend Weeden and the Weeden family, the collection includes images of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Andrew Young, Ralph Abernathy, and Jesse Jackson in 1968; images of the King funeral procession in Atlanta, Georgia in 1968; portraits of Carl B. Stokes, Louis Stoke... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/PG498.xml Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Karamu House Records. Karamu House http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4606.xml Karamu House was founded in 1915 in Cleveland, Ohio, by Russell W. and Rowena Woodham Jelliffe, in conjunction with the Second Presbyterian Church Men's Club, as the Neighborhood Association (later as the Playhouse Settlement), a settlement house promoting interracial activities and cooperation through the performing arts. The Jelliffes saw a need to provide activities and social services for the city's growing African American population, in order to assist in their transition from rural Southern life to an urban setting. The Playhouse Settlement was renamed Karamu Theater in 1927. By 1941, the entire settlement had taken the name Karamu House. The Dumas Dramatic Club was created to support and encourage interest and activities in the performing arts. In 1922, the theater troupe's name was changed to The Gilpin Players in honor of noted African American actor Charles Gilpin. During the 1920s and 1930s, works by many accomplished playwrights were produced at Karamu, including those of Zora Neale Hurston, Euge... http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=ead/MS4606.xml Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:00:00 GMT Karamu House: the establishment and evolution of a settlement house for Cleveland's African-American community, 1914-1923. Looman, Glenn. http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc http://catalog.wrhs.org/collections/view?docId=marc/skclmarc192820319185976.mrc Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT