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Manuscript Collection (13)
Book (4)
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Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (13)
Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (7)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (6)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. (6)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. (6)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. (6)
Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) (5)
City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland (4)
Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. (3)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. (3)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. (3)
Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. (3)
Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Stokes, Carl. (3)
Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. (2)
African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Air -- Pollution -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. (2)
Neighborhood -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland (2)
Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Abortion -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
African Americans -- Civil rights (1)
Aged -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Societies and clubs. (1)
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976 -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
American newspapers -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Sections, columns, etc. (1)
Associations, institutions, etc. -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Buckeye-Woodland (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Buckeye-Woodland Community Congress -- Archives. (1)
Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charitable contributions. (1)
Camp Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Carothers, Neil J. (1)
Case Western Reserve University. (1)
Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Church and social problems -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Church camps -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Church work with the poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
City churches -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
City clergy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
City missions -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Civic improvement -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
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1Title:  Lee-Harvard Community Association: progress through a united community    
 Creator:  Davis, Earl B. 
 Lee-Harvard Community Association
 Publication:  Lee-Harvard Community Association, Cleveland, Ohio,1968] 
 Call #:  Pam. Z1017 
 Extent:  [28] p. : ill. ; 23 cm. 
 Subjects:  Lee-Harvard Community Association | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland
 
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2Title:  Buckeye-Woodland Community Congress Records     
 Creator:  Buckeye-Woodland Community Congress 
 Dates:  1970-1988 
 Abstract:  The Buckeye-Woodland Community Congress was a neighborhood advocacy group which served as an umbrella organization for over 200 smaller groups in the Buckeye-Woodland area of Cleveland, Ohio, an east side Hungarian community established after 1880 which once held the largest concentration of Hungarians in the United States. By 1972, 43% of the population was African American, with 1/3rd of the Hungarian population over the age of 55. Founded to fight redlining, foreclosures, dishonest real-estate tactics, and insurance cancellations, the group sought also to ease racial tensions while promoting neighborly cooperation and civic improvement. From its founding in 1974 through the 1970s the group assisted citizens with neighborhood problems, but became inactive in the early 1980s and finally disbanded in 1988. The collection consists of minutes, articles of incorporation, constitutions, membership lists, newspaper clippings, financial papers, annual reports, agendas, correspondence, and a subject file. The collection is useful in understanding the development, daily operations, and demise of a neighborhood advocacy group, the issues they pursued, the actions they took, and the people involved. The collection reflects the group's attempts to maintain a diverse community in the face of heavy African American settlement. 
 Call #:  MS 4284 
 Extent:  5.20 linear feet (7 containers) 
 Subjects:  Buckeye-Woodland Community Congress -- Archives. | Neighborhood -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Buckeye-Woodland (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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3Title:  Nineteenth century land use decisions in Cleveland, Ohio: a case study of neighborhood development and change in Ohio City    
 Creator:  Klein, Richard. 
 Publication:  University Microfilms Internat'l, Ann Arbor, Mich,1983. 
 Notes:  Thesis (Ph. D.) : University of Akron, 1983. Bibliography: p. 484-502. 
 Call #:  F34ZM K64N 
 Extent:  xxvi, 604 p. : ill., maps ; 22 cm. 
 Subjects:  Land use, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Ohio City (Cleveland, Ohio) -- History | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions -- History -- 19th century
 
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4Title:  The Cleveland community-building initiative: the report and recommendations of the Cleveland Foundation Commission on Poverty    
 Creator:  Cleveland Foundation Commission on Poverty 
 Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences (Case Western Reserve University)
 Cleveland Foundation
 Publication:  Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio],c1992. 
 Notes:  "Supported by grants from the Cleveland Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation." Includes bibliographical references (p. 175-178). 
 Call #:  F34ZSF C637 
 Extent:  v, 185 p. ; 28 cm. 
 Subjects:  Poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions | Cleveland imprints -- 1992
 
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5Title:  Cleveland Development Foundation Records     
 Creator:  Cleveland Development Foundation 
 Dates:  1953-1970 
 Abstract:  The Cleveland Development Foundation was a Cleveland, Ohio, non-profit corporation founded in 1954 to provide support for community development and renewal projects. The collection consists of financial records, notebooks of clippings, films, maps, and office files containing letter copies, correspondence, minutes, studies, proposals, speeches, contracts, insurance policies, printed brochures, pamphlets and booklets. 
 Call #:  MS 3514 
 Extent:  48.01 linear feet (66 containers, 54 oversize volumes, and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Development Foundation. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civic improvement -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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6Title:  Housing Our People Economically, Inc. Records     
 Creator:  Housing Our People Economically, Inc. 
 Dates:  1965-1979 
 Abstract:  Housing Our People Economically, Inc., was a non-profit organization founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1965 to rehabilitate existing houses and build new ones for residents of Cleveland's Hough neighborhood. It depended on government and foundation grants for much of its support, and, by the mid-1970s, owned and managed over 250 units of housing. The group floundered in 1984 after reports of corruption and poor management made it difficult to obtain adequate funding. The group was known as HOPE. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, press releases, proposals, reports, information about property holdings, a subject file, blueprints, and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4381 
 Extent:  2.81 linear feet (4 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Housing Our People Economically, Inc. -- Archives. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Poor -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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7Title:  League Park Center Records     
 Creator:  League Park Center 
 Dates:  1952-1970 
 Abstract:  League Park Center, Inc. (f. 1949), located in the Hough neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, was started by the Welfare Federation of Cleveland with two social workers in the old business office of League Park (6601 Lexington Ave.), with additional facilities at nearby Dunham Church of Christ. The Center has always had close ties with the Neighborhood Settlement Association, the Center focusing on the "development of Cleveland's inner city youth," with such programs as Headstart and athletic activities. The Center's other interests included improvement of the neighborhood and encouragement of street clubs, which worked for block and street preservation and sometimes promoted youth activities. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, a code of regulations, minutes, annual reports, correspondence, legal and financial papers, project reports, memoranda, newspaper clippings, and pamphlets and posters published by the corporation. 
 Call #:  MS 4238 
 Extent:  2.0 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  League Park Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social work with African Americans. | Neighborhood -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social settlements -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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8Title:  Howard K. Preston Scrapbooks     
 Creator:  Preston, Howard K. 
 Dates:  1960-1976 
 Abstract:  Howard K. Preston was an editorial writer and columnist for the Cleveland Plain Dealer, 1960-1976. Preston wrote about local, state and national issues, as well as the trivial and commonplace. He began his newspaper career at the Cleveland News in 1937, but joined the Plain Dealer when the News was sold in 1960. The collection consists of forty-one scrapbooks, containing Preston's editorials and letters of congratulations. The collection reflects Preston's and the Plain Dealer's views on foreign relations (especially Russian-American relations and Vietnam relations), race relations, city development projects, nuclear weapons, space flight, elections at all levels of government, and other subjects. 
 Call #:  MS 4415 
 Extent:  1.00 linear feet (5 containers) 
 Subjects:  Preston, Howard K. (Howard Kenneth), 1913-1983. | Journalism -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Newspapers -- Sections, columns, etc. -- Editorials. | Government and the press -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | American newspapers -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Sections, columns, etc. | United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945- | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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9Title:  Fannie M. Lewis Papers     
 Creator:  Lewis, Fannie M. 
 Dates:  1965-1976 
 Abstract:  Fannie M. Lewis (1926-2008) was an African American activist and Cleveland, Ohio, councilwoman. She was involved in a number of Hough neighborhood improvement programs, including Community Action for Youth, Neighborhood Youth Corps, Model Cities Association, and the Citizen's Participation Organization. She became a city councilwoman from Cleveland's Ward 7 in 1982. The collection consists of personal papers and the records and subject files relating to Lewis' work with the Model Cities Association, Neighborhood Youth Corps, and other community organizations. Included are articles of incorporation, bylaws, trustee minutes, monthly reports, financial records, proposals, correspondence, memoranda, residency lists, posters, and newspaper clippings. The collection is useful to the study of Cleveland community development programs and Fanny Lewis' efforts with these programs. Some materials relate to racism, politics, and local government in Cleveland during the 1960s and 1970s. 
 Call #:  MS 4341 
 Extent:  14.00 linear feet (16 containers) 
 Subjects:  Lewis, Fannie M., 1926- | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development corporations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Health planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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10Title:  Dealing with neighborhood change: a primer on gentrification and policy choices    
 Creator:  Kennedy, Maureen. 
 Leonard, Paul, 1961-
 Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy.
 PolicyLink
 Publication:  Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, Washington, DC,c2001. 
 Notes:  Prepared for The Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy and Policy Link. "April 2001." Includes bibliographical references (p. 66-70). 
 Call #:  HT175 K36 
 Extent:  70 leaves ; 28 cm. 
 Subjects:  Gentrification -- Georgia -- Atlanta | Gentrification -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Gentrification -- Washington (D.C.) | Gentrification -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area | Urban renewal -- Georgia -- Atlanta | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Urban renewal -- Washington (D.C.) | Urban renewal -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area | Community development, Urban -- Georgia -- Atlanta | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Community development, Urban -- Washington (D.C.) | Community development, Urban -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area
 
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11Title:  Inner City Protestant Parish Records     
 Creator:  Inner City Protestant Parish 
 Dates:  1954-1971 
 Abstract:  The Inner City Protestant Parish was an experimental, interdenominational, ecumenical, and evangelical group ministry to the inner city of Cleveland, Ohio, organized in 1954 and patterned after the East Harlem Protestant Parish, a similar ministry to Lower East Harlem in New York City. The ICPP was formed by denominational executives, ministers and laymen concerned about the Protestant exodus from the inner city. The ICPP received immediate support from six denominations, and eventually nine, to establish churches and promote religious education and social reform in Cleveland's inner city. The ICPP also established a number of specialized support services: vacation church schools; resident and day camping programs; food, clothing, and emergency cash assistance; educational scholarships, and an inner city credit union. In 1955, the ICPP began its Friendly Town program for inner city children patterned after the "Fresh Air" programs in New York City in the 1880s. The collection consists of histories and statements of purpose, articles of incorporation and bylaws, minutes of meetings of the Board of Trustees as well as reports to the board, minutes of meetings of the Executive Committee and files of various other committees of the ICPP, and a variety of subject files pertaining to the work and Group Ministry of the ICPP. The collection includes material for understanding the urban crises of the 1960s and the civil rights struggle at that time, as well as the ecumenical movement within the church and the ideas of the "social gospel" and the theology of the "secular city." 
 Call #:  MS 4474 
 Extent:  14.20 linear feet (15 containers) 
 Subjects:  Inner City Protestant Parish (Cleveland, Ohio) -- Archives. | Protestant churches -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City churches -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City missions -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Protestant churches -- Missions -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community churches -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Church work with the poor -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Church and social problems -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Group ministry. | City clergy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social gospel. | Interdenominational cooperation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Inner cities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights movements -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Welfare rights movement -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Church camps -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Vacation schools, Christian -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Church history -- Sources. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions.
 
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12Title:  Roderick Boyd Porter Papers     
 Creator:  Porter, Roderick Boyd 
 Dates:  1980-1985 
 Abstract:  Roderick Boyd Porter served as the Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Archivist (1973-1985) and was active in neighborhood redevelopment and historic preservation in the Greater Cleveland, Ohio, area. Porter also served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Western Reserve Historical Society, as a trustee of the Cleveland Area Arts Council, and a member of the Rowfant Club. He was a member of the North Coast Village Steering Committee in the 1980s, which played a key role in the Lexington Village project and revitalization efforts in the Hough area community of Cleveland, Ohio. The collection consists of planning and development documents, project reports, proposals, correspondence, minutes, memoranda, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and personal notes. The collection pertains to the revitalization of the Hough area, an inner city neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio. It illustrates the involvement of urban renewal and re-development organizations such as the William Bingham Foundation, North Coast Village Steering Committee, the Institute of Man and Science, Glenco, and the Hough Area Partners in Progress. 
 Call #:  MS 4646 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Porter, Roderick Boyd. | William Bingham Foundation. | North Coast Village Steering Committee. | Glenco Enterprises, Inc. | Institute of Man and Science. | Martin Luther King, Jr. Plaza Corporation. | Hough Area Partners in Progress. | Council for Economic Opportunities in Greater Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) | Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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13Title:  Stokes Oral History Collection     
 Creator:  Cuyahoga Community College, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland State University 
 Dates:  2017 
 Abstract:  Carl Stokes, and his brother Louis, were groundbreaking African-American politicians from Cleveland, Ohio. Carl Stokes became the first black mayor of a major U.S. city when elected in 1967. Louis Stokes was the first African-American congressman from Ohio when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1968, a position he held for 15 consecutive terms. During Carl Stokes' two mayoral terms, city hall jobs were opened to blacks and women, and a number of urban renewal projects initiated. Between 1983 and 1994 Carl Stokes served as municipal judge, and in 1994 was appointed by President Clinton as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Seychelles. Louis Stokes began his career as a civil rights attorney and helped challenge the Ohio redistricting in 1965 that fragmented African-American voting strength. In 1967, Louis Stokes argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Terry v. Ohio case, also known as the "stop-and-frisk" case. In the 1970s, Louis Stokes served as chair of the House Select Committee on Assassinations and in the 1980s was a noted member of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. The interviews were conducted during 2017 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Carl Stokes' election as mayor and the election of Louis Stokes to Congress. The collection includes video recordings of 38 individuals, transcripts, interview release forms, and protocols. 
 Call #:  MS 5416 
 Extent:  0.81 linear feet (3 containers) 
 Subjects:  African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Stokes, Carl | Stokes, Louis | Stokes family
 
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14Title:  University Circle, Incorporated, Records     
 Creator:  University Circle, Incorporated 
 Dates:  1952-1979 
 Abstract:  University Circle, Incorporated was created in 1957 as the University Circle Development Foundation to oversee and coordinate development of the University Circle area of Cleveland, Ohio. Becoming University Circle, Incorporated in 1970, it operated under a 20-year master development plan to preserve the physical environment and reinforce the commitment of members to the area. UCI, Inc. serves as a "land bank" for its members, purchasing, leasing and maintaining properties, and reselling land to members to further their development and promote common purposes. UCI, Inc. also acts as a land use and development consultant, initiating and overseeing construction and assisting environmental and historic preservation projects. It maintains parking facilities, a bus service, and a private security service for the area. It has also entered into urban revitalization projects and cultural, educational, and medical programs in order to strengthen and stimulate relationships with the surrounding communities, particularly the Hough and Fairfax areas. Neil J. Carothers served as UCI's first president, followed by Joseph Pigott, Oliver Brooks, Murray Davidson, and others. The collection consists of articles of incorporation; records of the board of trustees and the executive committee (consisting of members' files, correspondence, minutes, operating policies and plans); officers' records (consisting of presidents', vice-presidents', and executive vice-presidents' files, files of the Circle development director, and correspondence); organizational records (consisting of affiliated and member institution files, correspondence, reports and proposals, property files, UCI police dept. files, and miscellany); special project records (consisting of Community Circle Inc. records, Cleveland New-Town-in-Town project records, housing files, general files, including correspondence, reports, blueprints, speeches and purchase orders, University Circle files, architectural and design review consultants' files, and Euclid-Mayfield Triangle Development Project files); and miscellany. Various document types are present, including news bulletins and brochures, newspaper clippings, and photographs. 
 Call #:  MS 3900 
 Extent:  50.00 linear feet (50 containers) 
 Subjects:  Carothers, Neil J. | Davidson, Murray M. | University Circle, Incorporated. | University Circle, Incorporated -- Archives. | University Circle Development Foundation -- Archives. | Community Circle, Incorporated -- Archives. | Case Western Reserve University. | Western Reserve University. | University Hospitals of Cleveland (Ohio) | Fairfax Foundation. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Land use, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Associations, institutions, etc. -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Real estate development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Planned unit developments -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Police, Private -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cultural parks -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | University Circle (Cleveland, Ohio) | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) | Fairfax (Cleveland, Ohio)
 
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15Title:  Ralph J. Perk Papers     
 Creator:  Perk, Ralph J. 
 Dates:  1949-1977 
 Abstract:  Ralph J. Perk was the Cuyahoga County, Ohio auditor, 1963-1971, and mayor of Cleveland, 1972-1977. Perk, the first Republican mayor since 1941, faced big budget deficits which he covered with existing bond funds and general revenue sharing funds, as well as large federal grants from the Nixon administration. Nevertheless, city sewer and public transit systems had to be regionalized to raise operating capital. A Czech-American, Perk was seen as a national leader on ethnic issues. He retired from politics in 1977 after an unsuccessful campaign against John Glenn for the United States Senate in 1974 and a defeat in the 1977 nonpartisan mayoral primary. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, financial records, reports, speeches, minutes, news releases, campaign materials, newspaper clippings, invitations, certificates, etc., pertaining to Perk's political career and public service. Mayoral records include voluminous correspondence and a subject file, as well as the records of various secretaries and administrative assistants. Notable issues represented in the papers include the proposed sale of the Municipal Light Plant, a 1977 survey on pornography, abortion, gun control, air pollution, regional sewer and transportation issues, public safety, senior citizens, the federal Model Cities program, urban renewal, and Cleveland's celebration of the 1976 US Bicentennial. Perk's many political campaigns are documented, particularly the 1977 mayoral campaign which resulted in his defeat. His service as county auditor is very well represented in a series of newspaper clippings, which also document such events as the Hough riots of 1966 and the Glenville Shootout of 1968. 
 Call #:  MS 4456 
 Extent:  108.01 linear feet (112 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Perk, Ralph J., 1914- | Stokes, Carl. | Cuyahoga County (Ohio). Auditor's office. | Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor -- Archives. | Cleveland (Ohio). City Council. | Cleveland (Ohio). Dept. of Public Safety. | Cleveland Municipal Light Plant. | Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District. | Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. | Abortion -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976 -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cuyahoga County. | Gun control -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Pornography -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Air -- Pollution -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Aged -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Societies and clubs. | Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. | Police -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Riots -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Personal rapid transit -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Ethnic relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cuyahoga County (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. | Cuyahoga County (Ohio) -- Politics and government.
 
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16Title:  Cleveland: NOW! Records     
 Creator:  Cleveland: NOW! 
 Dates:  1967-1977 
 Abstract:  Cleveland: NOW! was a multiracial joint public and private program for extensive urban renewal and revitalization in Cleveland, Ohio, created by Mayor Carl B. Stokes following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968. The program planned to raise $1.5 billion over ten years. The first 2-year phase called for spending $177 million for projects in eight areas: neighborhood housing rehabilitation; accelerated urban renewal; the creation of 16,000 jobs; expansion of small business opportunities; city planning; health, welfare, and day care centers; summer recreation programs for youth; and the construction of Camp Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout of July 23, 1968, a gun battle between police and members of the Black Nationalists Organization of New Libya who obtained weapons with funds received indirectly from Cleveland: NOW! Stokes and the NOW! trustees were sued in 1970 by 8 policemen wounded in the shootout, but the suit was dismissed in 1977. Although Cleveland: NOW! met many of its initial goals, the organization ceased activities for the most part after 1970, and was formally dissolved in 1980. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, minutes, board of trustees records, correspondence, financial records, records of the major programs, publicity information, newspaper clippings, and proceedings of lawsuits. The collection pertains to a dramatic, multiracial attempt on a large scale to address and ameliorate a wide range of social ills by initial infusions of large amounts of money. The financial records and contributors correspondence contain detailed information for a possible demographic examination of contributors to the program. 
 Call #:  MS 4501 
 Extent:  3.80 linear feet (5 containers) 
 Subjects:  Stokes, Carl. | Evans, Fred (Fred Ahmed), d.1978. | Cleveland: NOW! -- Archives. | Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor's Council on Youth Opportunities. | Near West Side Multi-Service Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community centers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social action -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Recreation. | Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing rehabilitation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social work with youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Job creation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Fund raising -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Recreation and juvenile delinquency. | Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Businessmen -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charitable contributions. | Camp Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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17Title:  Carl Stokes Papers     
 Creator:  Stokes, Carl 
 Dates:  1956-1972 
 Abstract:  Carl Stokes (1927-1996) was the Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1967-1971. Stokes was the first African American mayor of a major American city and the first African American Democrat in the Ohio State Legislature, where he served three terms from 1962-1967. As mayor, Stokes launched a number of programs to alleviate the problems of urban decay. Chief among these was Cleveland: NOW!, a joint public and private program with plans to raise $177 million in its first two years to revitalize Cleveland. The program was discredited due to the Glenville Shootout in July, 1968. Under Stokes, Cleveland City Council passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Ordinance, and HUD resumed funding projects aiding in the construction of over 3,000 new low- and middle-income housing units. Stokes became a newscaster with NBC television in 1972, and returned to his law practice in Cleveland in 1980. In 1983, Stokes was elected a municipal court judge. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, and newspaper clippings pertaining to the political career of Carl B. Stokes, including his terms in the Ohio State legislature, his mayoral campaigns, and particularly his tenure as mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. The collection details the organization of the mayor's office, and illustrates the problems that Blacks in the vanguard of social and political progress faced, as well as the challenges faced by any urban leader in the turbulent 1960s and early 1970s. Key events in Stokes' administration are illustrated, including the Glenville Shootout, the hiring and resignation of Safety Director Gen. Ben Davis, the activities of the Mayor's Council on Youth Opportunities, and Cleveland: NOW! The work of then City Council President James Stanton is represented, along with material relating to Stokes' brother Louis. Notable correspondents include Hubert Humphrey, Walter Mondale, Robert F. Kennedy, Spiro Agnew, Cyrus Eaton, Edward Kennedy, George Forbes, Jesse Jackson, and Howard Metzenbaum. 
 Call #:  MS 4370 
 Extent:  104.51 linear feet (107 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Stokes, Carl. | Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority. | Cleveland Transit System. | Cleveland: NOW! | African American mayors -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African American politicians -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Administrative agencies -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Records and correspondence. | Air -- Pollution -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City planning -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community development, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban renewal -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Glenville Shootout, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Appropriations and expenditures. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Officials and employees. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social policy. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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