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'Jews Soviet Emigration and immigration' in subject
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Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. (8)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (6)
Abortion -- Government policy -- United States. (3)
Alzheimer's disease -- Law and legislation -- United States. (3)
Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio. (3)
Celeste, Richard F. (3)
Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Consumer protection -- United States. (3)
Democratic Party (U.S.) (3)
Employee rights -- United States. (3)
Energy policy -- United States. (3)
Environmental protection -- Erie, Lake. (3)
Environmental protection -- United States. (3)
Firearms -- Law and legislation -- United States. (3)
Food adulteration and inspection -- Law and legislation -- United States. (3)
Glenn, John, 1921- (3)
Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. (3)
Gun control -- United States. (3)
Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) (3)
Jewish legislators -- Ohio. (3)
Kucinich, Dennis J., 1946- (3)
Labor laws and legislation -- United States. (3)
Legislators -- Ohio. (3)
Metzenbaum, Howard M. (3)
Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1951- (3)
Political campaigns -- Ohio. (3)
Political campaigns -- United States. (3)
Public works -- Ohio. (3)
Savings and Loan Bailout, 1989-1995 -- Congresses. (3)
Steel industry and trade -- Ohio. (3)
Taft, Robert, 1917-1993. (3)
Tower City Center (Cleveland, Ohio) (3)
United States -- Politics and government -- 1974-1977. (3)
United States -- Politics and government -- 1977-1981. (3)
United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989. (3)
United States -- Politics and government -- 1989- (3)
United States. Congress. Senate. (3)
Voinovich, George V., 1936- (3)
Watergate Affair, 1972-1974. (3)
Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charities. (2)
American Greeting Publishers, Inc. (1)
Antisemitism -- Soviet Union (1)
Band, Jordan C. (Jordan Clifford), 1923- (1)
Beth Israel - The West Temple (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Ethnic relations. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. (1)
Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism (1)
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1Title:  Harry Stone Papers     
 Creator:  Stone, Harry 
 Dates:  1943-2006 
 Abstract:  Harry Stone (1917-2007) was a business leader in Cleveland, Ohio, active in politics and philanthropy. He was the son of Jacob Sapirstein, the founder of American Greetings Corp., a manufacturer of greeting cards. Stone was a member of the Glenville High School Class of 1935. In addition to the positions he held at American Greetings, Stone also owned radio stations WIXY and WDOK and was engaged in real estate and international trade and finance. Among his many civic activities, Stone was a trustee of Brandeis University, the Jewish Community Federation, and the Cleveland Sight Center. Stone married Beatrice Farkas in 1936. The couple had three children, Phillip J, Allan D., and Laurie. After the death of Beatrice, Harry married Lucile Tabak Rose in 1960. Her children from a previous marriage were James M. Rose and Douglas B. Rose. In the 1960s Stone was campaign chairman for United States Representative Charles Vanik. His relationship with Vanik proved beneficial to the Jewish community in 1973, when Vanik asked Stone and his brother Irving for help in scheduling a vote on the Jackson-Vanik Amendment, which required the USSR to allow Jewish emigration to the United States in order to qualify for most favored nation status. The Stone brothers asked Representative Wilbur Mills of Arkansas to schedule the vote; American Greetings was at the time the largest employer in Mills' Arkansas district. Stone also served as a consultant to the United States Departments of Commerce and State. the collection consists of annual reports, bulletins, certificates, correspondence, greeting cards, newspaper clippings, a petition, proclamations, a program, a speech text, a statement, and a yizkor (memorial) book. 
 Call #:  MS 5099 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Stone, Harry, 1917-2007. | Stone family. | American Greeting Publishers, Inc. | Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charities. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Greeting cards industry -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Memorial books (Holocaust) | Grajewo (Poland) -- History. | Grajewo (Poland) -- Genealogy.
 
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2Title:  Jordan C. Band Papers     
 Creator:  Band, Jordan C. 
 Dates:  1921-2003 
 Abstract:  Jordan C. Band (b. 1923) was a prominent Cleveland, Ohio, area lawyer and social activist. Born and raised in the Cleveland area, Band attended Western Reserve University for two years before being drafted into the Army in 1943. Upon his return home from the war in 1946, he married Alice Glickson, with whom he had three children. He finished his schooling in the Law School of Western Reserve University. Band was hired by law firm Ulmer, Berne, Gordon & Glickman (today known as Ulmer & Berne), where he worked until his retirement in 1994. Band concentrated in real estate and property law, and at one point served as the legal counsel for the Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland. Band was also involved in numerous organizations, both nationally and in the Cleveland area. Nationally, Band served as chairman of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council from 1967-1970. He was the national vice president of the American Jewish Committee from 1975-1980 and a member of the National Urban Coalition, the Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations, the National Conference on Soviet Jewry, the Bureau for Careers in Jewish Service, the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, and the Jewish War Veterans. Locally, Band was deeply involved with the Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland, serving as chairman of several committees. He was also a member of the Community Relations Board of Cleveland from 1970-1980 and 1983-1990. He was co-chairman of the Greater Cleveland Project, chairman of the Greater Cleveland Conference on Religion and Race, and chairman of the Mayor's Committee on Rewriting of Rules Applicable to Deadly Force by Cleveland Police Officers. Further, he was a member of the Greater Cleveland Roundtable Race Relations Committee, the Study Commission on Race Relations at Cleveland State University, the United Torch Allocations Guidelines Committee, and the Shaker Heights Human Rights Commission. Band was an outspoken advocate for social change and civil rights. He spoke publicly about the plight of Soviet Jewry, the perils of segregation, and the responsibility of Jews as social activists. He was active in the civil rights movement of the 1960s and frequently spoke and wrote about Black-Jewish relations. The collection consists of correspondence, awards, speech texts, writings, minutes, and scrapbooks. 
 Call #:  MS 5103 
 Extent:  3.40 linear feet (4 containers) 
 Subjects:  Band, Jordan C. (Jordan Clifford), 1923- | Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Jews -- United States -- Politics and government. | Lawyers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Ethnic relations.
 
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3Title:  Louis Rosenblum Papers, Series II     
 Creator:  Rosenblum, Louis 
 Dates:  1923-2012 
 Abstract:  Louis Rosenblum (b. 1923) directed the Solar and Electrochemistry Division at the Glenn (formerly Lewis) Research Center of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in Cleveland, Ohio. Rosenblum was born in Brooklyn, New York, began his higher education at Brooklyn College in 1941, and enlisted and served in the U.S. Army Infantry from 1943 to 1946. Rosenblum served in the Pacific Theater, fought in the battle for Okinawa, was awarded the bronze star, and at the conclusion of hostilities served in the army of occupation in Japan. In 1948, he graduated from Brooklyn College with a B.S. in Organic Chemistry and began employment at NASA. In 1963, Rosenblum and fellow members of Beth Israel-The West Temple, a Cleveland synagogue, founded the Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism. Rosenblum served as the CCSA's chairman. In 1970, the CCSA joined with five other grass-root councils to create the Union of Councils for Soviet Jewry (UCSJ), which became the largest independent Soviet Jewry organization in the world. Rosenblum served as the first chairman of the UCSJ. The collection consists of certificates, correspondence, contracts, financial records, family histories, genealogies, newspaper clippings, notes, publication, and scrapbooks. 
 Call #:  MS 5156 
 Extent:  2.10 linear feet (3 containers) 
 Subjects:  Beth Israel - The West Temple (Cleveland, Ohio) | Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism. | Hebrew language. | Jews -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Jews, Soviet -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Lewis Research Center | Oscher family | Rosenberg family | Rosenblum family | Rosenblum, Louis, 1923- | Sandler family | Solar energy -- Research -- United States | Solar energy | United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
 
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4Title:  Abe M. Luntz Papers, Series II     
 Creator:  Luntz, Abe M. 
 Dates:  1916-1987 
 Abstract:  Abe M. Luntz (1893-1981) was born in Akron, Ohio, on March 6, 1893 of Polish Jewish immigrant parents, Samuel and Rebecca Wolf Luntz. He and his family moved to Canton, Ohio, when he was around 6 years old. He attended public schools in Canton, was very active in sports, and graduated from Canton's Central High School in 1913. After graduation, he went to work for his father's company, the Canton Iron and Metal Company. With his brother Darwin, he founded the Luntz Iron and Steel Company in 1916 due to the growing need for scrap with the onset of World War I. He held several positions in the Luntz Iron and Steel Company before becoming president in 1951. The company became one of the United States' premiere scrap and steel brokerage firms and expanded into Michigan, Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Kentucky. Abe Luntz married Fanny Teplansky on October 10, 1916. They had five children, Robert, Richard, William, Theodore, and Joan. The family moved to Cleveland in 1939 for business purposes as well as for more varied religious, musical, and educational opportunities. All of his sons joined in the family business. Luntz was also known for his benevolence to a wide variety of civic, cultural, medical, and religious groups and causes both in Canton and Cleveland. He was president of The Temple in University Circle from 1950-1960. He was active with the YMCA, the Boy Scouts, the Montefiore Home, the Singing Angels, and the Jewish Welfare Fund, among others. He was also a board member of many organizations including Mount Sinai Hospital, the Community Chest, United Appeal, Jewish Community Federation, and the Art Museum. He was especially involved with the National Conference of Christians and Jews (NCCJ), a human rights organization promoting peace, tolerance, and social justice (now known as the National Conference for Community and Justice). He held both local and national offices and won its highest award, the National Human Relations Award, in 1957. He died on February 24, 1981. The collection consists of brochures, certificates, correspondence, a deed, an invitation, legislation, lists, magazine articles, maps, a memoir, newsletters, newspaper articles, notes, obituaries, press releases, programs, reports, speech texts, and a will. 
 Call #:  MS 5082 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Luntz, Abe M., 1893-1981. | Luntz, Fanny. | Luntz Iron and Steel Company (Canton, Ohio). | National Conference of Christians and Jews. | Temple-Tifereth Israel (Cleveland, Ohio). | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews -- Ohio -- Canton. | Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish businesspeople -- Ohio -- Canton. | Scrap metal industry -- Ohio -- Canton. | Steel industry and trade -- Ohio -- Canton. | Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Synagogues -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration.
 
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5Title:  Sidney Z. Vincent Papers     
 Creator:  Vincent, Sidney Z. 
 Dates:  1940-1982 
 Abstract:  Sidney Z. Vincent (1912-1982) served as Assistant Director of the Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1951 to 1965 and as Executive Director from 1965 until his retirement in 1975. Throughout his career, he worked in tandem with Executive Vice-President Henry L. Zucker, making the Federation the primary organizing instrument for the Jewish community in northeast Ohio. Vincent led major studies of Jewish education, Federation-synagogue relations, cultural life, and Jewish community histories, and coordinated programs linking Cleveland and Israel. In 1969, Vincent served as the American Director of the World Conference on Human Needs in Israel. He also served as President of the National Conference of Jewish Communal Service and as Chairman of the International Conference of Jewish Communal Service in 1971. Before beginning his career in Jewish community service, Vincent taught English at Glenville High School, his alma mater. Throughout his career, Vincent also wrote poems, stories, and scripts for various occasions. Vincent wrote some scripts for WBOE, the radio station of the Cleveland Board of Education, in the late 1940s. Vincent's autobiography Personal and Professional tells the story of his life and his involvement in the Jewish community. The collection consists of correspondence, a memorial book, a retirement tribute, scripts, and short stories. 
 Call #:  MS 5095 
 Extent:  0.40 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Vincent, Sidney Z. | Zucker, Henry L., 1910- | Metzenbaum, Howard M. -- Biography. | Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) | Jewish Community Council (Cleveland, Ohio) -- History. | Glenville High School (Cleveland, Ohio) -- History. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- History. | Jews -- Services for -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charities. | Jews -- Education (Higher) -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Human services -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Charities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Education, Higher -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Jews -- Soviet Union -- Social conditions. | Jewish literature -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish poetry -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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6Title:  Louis Rosenblum Papers     
 Creator:  Rosenblum, Louis 
 Dates:  1964-2004 
 Abstract:  Louis Rosenblum (b. 1923) directed the Solar and Electrochemistry Division at the Glenn (formerly Lewis) Research Center of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in Cleveland, Ohio. Rosenblum was born in Brooklyn, New York, began his higher education at Brooklyn College in 1941, and enlisted and served in the United States Army Infantry from 1943 to 1946. Rosenblum served in the Pacific Theater, fought in the battle for Okinawa, was awarded the bronze star, and at the conclusion of hostilities served in the army of occupation in Japan. In 1948, he graduated from Brooklyn College with a B.S. in Organic Chemistry and began employment at NASA. In 1963, Rosenblum and fellow members of Beth Israel-The West Temple, a Cleveland synagogue, founded the Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism. Rosenblum served as the CCSA's chairman. In 1970, the CCSA joined with five other grass-root councils to create the Union of Councils for Soviet Jewry (UCSJ), which became the largest independent Soviet Jewry organization in the world. Rosenblum served as the first chairman of the UCSJ. For a complete history of the CCSA, the researcher should consult the register to MS. 4011 Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism Records. The collection consists of correspondence, reports, transcripts, financial records, and publications. 
 Call #:  MS 4926 
 Extent:  2.60 linear feet (4 containers) 
 Subjects:  Orbach, William W. | Ro'i, Yaacov | Gilbert, Martin, 1936- | Sherbourne, Michael | Levine, Hillel, 1946- | Cleveland Council on Soviet Anti-Semitism | Jewish Community Federation (Cleveland, Ohio) | Union of Councils for Soviet Jews | Jewish refugees -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Jews, Soviet -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Societies, etc | Jews -- United States -- Societies, etc | Jews -- Soviet Union -- Social conditions | Refuseniks | Antisemitism -- Soviet Union | Espionage, Israeli -- Europe, Eastern | Espionage, Israeli -- Soviet Union
 
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7Title:  Howard M. Metzenbaum Congressional Papers, Record Group 1     
 Creator:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. 
 Dates:  1972-1976 
 Abstract:  Howard Morton Metzenbaum (1917-2008) was an Ohio Democrat who served in the United States Senate for one appointed term in 1974 and for three consecutive elected terms from 1976 to 1995. Metzenbaum was born on June 4, 1917, in Cleveland, Ohio. After graduating from Glenville High School in Cleveland, Howard Metzenbaum attended Ohio State University, where he earned both his B.A. and L.L.D. Soon after graduating from law school, Metzenbaum founded his own law firm, Metzenbaum, Gaines, Finley, and Stern, in Cleveland. Howard Metzenbaum entered politics at the age of 26, serving in the Ohio House of Representatives from1943 to 1947 and in the Ohio State Senate from 1947 to 1950. He went on to become Ohio Senator Stephen M. Young's campaign manager in 1958. Meanwhile, he had also founded the Airport Parking Company of America (APCOA) with his business partner Alva "Ted" Bonda, who would remain an important associate throughout Metzenbaum's career. Metzenbaum ran unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate in 1970, losing to Robert Taft, Jr. In 1974, however, he was appointed to the Senate by Ohio governor John Gilligan to replace William Saxbe, who had been appointed to the position of U.S. attorney general. Metzenbaum sought the Senate seat himself in the 1974 Democratic primary but lost to John Glenn. Metzenbaum later ran against incumbent Republican Robert A. Taft, Jr., in 1976, and won. In 1982 he handily won reelection against moderate Republican state senator Paul Pfeifer, and again in 1988 when he was opposed by Cleveland mayor George Voinovich, who ran a mostly negative campaign that accused Metzenbaum of being soft on child pornography. Metzenbaum chose not to run for reelection in 1994, instead supporting his son-in-law Joel Hyatt's ultimately unsuccessful campaign. Howard Metzenbaum's legacy in the U.S. Senate was as an ardent liberal. He quickly earned a reputation as a champion of consumer rights in 1977 when he and Senator James Abourezk (D-SD) embarked on a 14-day filibuster against the deregulation of natural gas; later, he spearheaded other important consumer legislation such as the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1989, and was also involved in food safety investigations involving artificial sweeteners, dietary supplements, and poultry processing. Metzenbaum was also responsible for significant legislation in the area of workers' rights, particularly the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act, which required companies employing 100 or more people to provide at least 60 days' advance notice to employees in the event of a plant closing or mass layoffs. Other legislative priorities included environmental protection, funding for Alzheimer's disease, support for Israel, and gun control. Metzenbaum introduced the Brady Bill in the Senate beginning in 1986 until it was finally signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1993. Senator Metzenbaum also became known for his "filibuster-by-amendment" technique, in which he would delay passage of a bill by attaching as many as several dozen amendments. He was a particular critic of earmark-laden "pork barrel" bills, which he believed wasted taxpayers' money (and which he blocked at every opportunity, to the irritation of many of his colleagues). During his three elected terms, Metzenbaum was a member of the Indian Affairs committee, Budget committee, and Judiciary committee. He also served on the Subcommittee on Citizens and Shareholders Rights and Remedies and the Labor and Human Resources subcommittee. He served as the chairman of the Antitrust, Monopoly, and Business Rights subcommittee. As a member of the Judiciary committee, he investigated the savings and loan and insurance scandals of the 1980s, helped to block President Ronald Reagan's nomination of conservative judge Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court, and unsuccessfully attempted to block confirmation of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court. Married to his wife Shirley (Turoff) Metzenbaum in 1946, Howard Metzenbaum had four daughters: Barbara, Susan, Shelley, and Amy. He died on March 12, 2008, at age 90. The collection consists of agendas, agreements, amendments, appointment books, briefing books, budgets, campaign literature, certificates, charts, Congressional Record inserts, correspondence, daily schedules, draft legislation, financial statements, guest books, handbooks, hearing transcripts, indexes, invitations, itineraries, job descriptions, journal articles, legal documents, legislation, lists, magazine articles, manuals, meeting notices, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, office manuals, photographs, polls, press releases, proposals, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, scrapbooks, speech texts, statements, statistics, talking points, tax records, telegrams, testimony, and transcripts. 
 Call #:  MS 5031 
 Extent:  52.80 linear feet (54 containers) 
 Subjects:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. | Taft, Robert, 1917-1993. | Celeste, Richard F. | Glenn, John, 1921- | Kucinich, Dennis J., 1946- | Voinovich, George V., 1936- | United States. Congress. Senate. | Democratic Party (U.S.) | Tower City Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish legislators -- Ohio. | Legislators -- Ohio. | Political campaigns -- United States. | Political campaigns -- Ohio. | Consumer protection -- United States. | Food adulteration and inspection -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Employee rights -- United States. | Labor laws and legislation -- United States. | Gun control -- United States. | Firearms -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Energy policy -- United States. | Abortion -- Government policy -- United States. | Steel industry and trade -- Ohio. | Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio. | Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public works -- Ohio. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Watergate Affair, 1972-1974. | Environmental protection -- United States. | Environmental protection -- Erie, Lake. | Alzheimer's disease -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Savings and Loan Bailout, 1989-1995 -- Congresses. | Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1951- | United States -- Politics and government -- 1974-1977. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1977-1981. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1989-
 
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8Title:  Howard M. Metzenbaum Congressional Papers, Record Group 2     
 Creator:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. 
 Dates:  1928-1995 
 Abstract:  Howard Morton Metzenbaum (1917-2008) was an Ohio Democrat who served in the United States Senate for one appointed term in 1974 and for three consecutive elected terms from 1976 to 1995. Metzenbaum was born on June 4, 1917, in Cleveland, Ohio. After graduating from Glenville High School in Cleveland, Howard Metzenbaum attended Ohio State University, where he earned both his B.A. and L.L.D. Soon after graduating from law school, Metzenbaum founded his own law firm, Metzenbaum, Gaines, Finley, and Stern, in Cleveland. Howard Metzenbaum entered politics at the age of 26, serving in the Ohio House of Representatives from1943 to 1947 and in the Ohio State Senate from 1947 to 1950. He went on to become Ohio Senator Stephen M. Young's campaign manager in 1958. Meanwhile, he had also founded the Airport Parking Company of America (APCOA) with his business partner Alva "Ted" Bonda, who would remain an important associate throughout Metzenbaum's career. Metzenbaum ran unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate in 1970, losing to Robert Taft, Jr. In 1974, however, he was appointed to the Senate by Ohio governor John Gilligan to replace William Saxbe, who had been appointed to the position of U.S. attorney general. Metzenbaum sought the Senate seat himself in the 1974 Democratic primary but lost to John Glenn. Metzenbaum later ran against incumbent Republican Robert A. Taft, Jr., in 1976, and won. In 1982 he handily won reelection against moderate Republican state senator Paul Pfeifer, and again in 1988 when he was opposed by Cleveland mayor George Voinovich, who ran a mostly negative campaign that accused Metzenbaum of being soft on child pornography. Metzenbaum chose not to run for reelection in 1994, instead supporting his son-in-law Joel Hyatt's ultimately unsuccessful campaign. Howard Metzenbaum's legacy in the United States Senate was as an ardent liberal. He quickly earned a reputation as a champion of consumer rights in 1977 when he and Senator James Abourezk (D-SD) embarked on a 14-day filibuster against the deregulation of natural gas; later, he spearheaded other important consumer legislation such as the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1989, and was also involved in food safety investigations involving artificial sweeteners, dietary supplements, and poultry processing. Metzenbaum was also responsible for significant legislation in the area of workers' rights, particularly the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act, which required companies employing 100 or more people to provide at least 60 days' advance notice to employees in the event of a plant closing or mass layoffs. Other legislative priorities included environmental protection, funding for Alzheimer's disease, support for Israel, and gun control. Metzenbaum introduced the Brady Bill in the Senate beginning in 1986 until it was finally signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1993. Senator Metzenbaum also became known for his "filibuster-by-amendment" technique, in which he would delay passage of a bill by attaching as many as several dozen amendments. He was a particular critic of earmark-laden "pork barrel" bills, which he believed wasted taxpayers' money (and which he blocked at every opportunity, to the irritation of many of his colleagues). During his three elected terms, Metzenbaum was a member of the Indian Affairs committee, Budget committee, and Judiciary committee. He also served on the Subcommittee on Citizens and Shareholders Rights and Remedies and the Labor and Human Resources subcommittee. He served as the chairman of the Antitrust, Monopoly, and Business Rights subcommittee. As a member of the Judiciary committee, he investigated the savings and loan and insurance scandals of the 1980s, helped to block President Ronald Reagan's nomination of conservative judge Robert Bork to the United States Supreme Court, and unsuccessfully attempted to block confirmation of Clarence Thomas to the United States Supreme Court. Married to his wife Shirley (Turoff) Metzenbaum in 1946, Howard Metzenbaum had four daughters: Barbara, Susan, Shelley, and Amy. He died on March 12, 2008, at age 90. The collection consists of agendas, agreements, amendments, appointment books, briefing books, budgets, campaign literature, certificates, charts, Congressional Record inserts, correspondence, daily schedules, draft legislation, financial statements, guest books, handbooks, hearing transcripts, indexes, invitations, itineraries, job descriptions, journal articles, legal documents, legislation, lists, magazine articles, manuals, meeting notices, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, office manuals, photographs, polls, press releases, proposals, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, scrapbooks, speech texts, statements, statistics, talking points, tax records, telegrams, testimony, and transcripts. 
 Call #:  MS 5031 
 Extent:  406.5 linear feet (485 containers, 3 oversize folders, and 103 oversize volumes) 
 Subjects:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. | Taft, Robert, 1917-1993. | Celeste, Richard F. | Glenn, John, 1921- | Kucinich, Dennis J., 1946- | Voinovich, George V., 1936- | United States. Congress. Senate. | Democratic Party (U.S.) | Tower City Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish legislators -- Ohio. | Legislators -- Ohio. | Political campaigns -- United States. | Political campaigns -- Ohio. | Consumer protection -- United States. | Food adulteration and inspection -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Employee rights -- United States. | Labor laws and legislation -- United States. | Gun control -- United States. | Firearms -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Energy policy -- United States. | Abortion -- Government policy -- United States. | Steel industry and trade -- Ohio. | Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio. | Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public works -- Ohio. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Watergate Affair, 1972-1974. | Environmental protection -- United States. | Environmental protection -- Erie, Lake. | Alzheimer's disease -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Savings and Loan Bailout, 1989-1995 -- Congresses. | Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1951- | United States -- Politics and government -- 1974-1977. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1977-1981. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1989-
 
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9Title:  Howard M. Metzenbaum Congressional Papers, Record Group 2     
 Creator:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. 
 Dates:  1928-1995 
 Abstract:  Howard Morton Metzenbaum (1917-2008) was an Ohio Democrat who served in the United States Senate for one appointed term in 1974 and for three consecutive elected terms from 1976 to 1995. Metzenbaum was born on June 4, 1917, in Cleveland, Ohio. After graduating from Glenville High School in Cleveland, Howard Metzenbaum attended Ohio State University, where he earned both his B.A. and L.L.D. Soon after graduating from law school, Metzenbaum founded his own law firm, Metzenbaum, Gaines, Finley, and Stern, in Cleveland. Howard Metzenbaum entered politics at the age of 26, serving in the Ohio House of Representatives from1943 to 1947 and in the Ohio State Senate from 1947 to 1950. He went on to become Ohio Senator Stephen M. Young's campaign manager in 1958. Meanwhile, he had also founded the Airport Parking Company of America (APCOA) with his business partner Alva "Ted" Bonda, who would remain an important associate throughout Metzenbaum's career. Metzenbaum ran unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate in 1970, losing to Robert Taft, Jr. In 1974, however, he was appointed to the Senate by Ohio governor John Gilligan to replace William Saxbe, who had been appointed to the position of U.S. attorney general. Metzenbaum sought the Senate seat himself in the 1974 Democratic primary but lost to John Glenn. Metzenbaum later ran against incumbent Republican Robert A. Taft, Jr., in 1976, and won. In 1982 he handily won reelection against moderate Republican state senator Paul Pfeifer, and again in 1988 when he was opposed by Cleveland mayor George Voinovich, who ran a mostly negative campaign that accused Metzenbaum of being soft on child pornography. Metzenbaum chose not to run for reelection in 1994, instead supporting his son-in-law Joel Hyatt's ultimately unsuccessful campaign. Howard Metzenbaum's legacy in the United States Senate was as an ardent liberal. He quickly earned a reputation as a champion of consumer rights in 1977 when he and Senator James Abourezk (D-SD) embarked on a 14-day filibuster against the deregulation of natural gas; later, he spearheaded other important consumer legislation such as the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1989, and was also involved in food safety investigations involving artificial sweeteners, dietary supplements, and poultry processing. Metzenbaum was also responsible for significant legislation in the area of workers' rights, particularly the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act, which required companies employing 100 or more people to provide at least 60 days' advance notice to employees in the event of a plant closing or mass layoffs. Other legislative priorities included environmental protection, funding for Alzheimer's disease, support for Israel, and gun control. Metzenbaum introduced the Brady Bill in the Senate beginning in 1986 until it was finally signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1993. Senator Metzenbaum also became known for his "filibuster-by-amendment" technique, in which he would delay passage of a bill by attaching as many as several dozen amendments. He was a particular critic of earmark-laden "pork barrel" bills, which he believed wasted taxpayers' money (and which he blocked at every opportunity, to the irritation of many of his colleagues). During his three elected terms, Metzenbaum was a member of the Indian Affairs committee, Budget committee, and Judiciary committee. He also served on the Subcommittee on Citizens and Shareholders Rights and Remedies and the Labor and Human Resources subcommittee. He served as the chairman of the Antitrust, Monopoly, and Business Rights subcommittee. As a member of the Judiciary committee, he investigated the savings and loan and insurance scandals of the 1980s, helped to block President Ronald Reagan's nomination of conservative judge Robert Bork to the United States Supreme Court, and unsuccessfully attempted to block confirmation of Clarence Thomas to the United States Supreme Court. Married to his wife Shirley (Turoff) Metzenbaum in 1946, Howard Metzenbaum had four daughters: Barbara, Susan, Shelley, and Amy. He died on March 12, 2008, at age 90. The collection consists of agendas, agreements, amendments, appointment books, briefing books, budgets, campaign literature, certificates, charts, Congressional Record inserts, correspondence, daily schedules, draft legislation, financial statements, guest books, handbooks, hearing transcripts, indexes, invitations, itineraries, job descriptions, journal articles, legal documents, legislation, lists, magazine articles, manuals, meeting notices, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, office manuals, photographs, polls, press releases, proposals, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, scrapbooks, speech texts, statements, statistics, talking points, tax records, telegrams, testimony, and transcripts. 
 Call #:  MS 5031 
 Extent:  406.5 linear feet (485 containers, 3 oversize folders, and 103 oversize volumes) 
 Subjects:  Metzenbaum, Howard M. | Taft, Robert, 1917-1993. | Celeste, Richard F. | Glenn, John, 1921- | Kucinich, Dennis J., 1946- | Voinovich, George V., 1936- | United States. Congress. Senate. | Democratic Party (U.S.) | Tower City Center (Cleveland, Ohio) | Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. | Jews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Jewish legislators -- Ohio. | Legislators -- Ohio. | Political campaigns -- United States. | Political campaigns -- Ohio. | Consumer protection -- United States. | Food adulteration and inspection -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Employee rights -- United States. | Labor laws and legislation -- United States. | Gun control -- United States. | Firearms -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Energy policy -- United States. | Abortion -- Government policy -- United States. | Steel industry and trade -- Ohio. | Automobile industry and trade -- Ohio. | Community development -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public works -- Ohio. | Jews, Soviet -- Emigration and immigration. | Watergate Affair, 1972-1974. | Environmental protection -- United States. | Environmental protection -- Erie, Lake. | Alzheimer's disease -- Law and legislation -- United States. | Savings and Loan Bailout, 1989-1995 -- Congresses. | Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1951- | United States -- Politics and government -- 1974-1977. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1977-1981. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989. | United States -- Politics and government -- 1989-
 
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