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'Race discrimination Ohio Cleveland' in subject
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Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (11)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. (10)
African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (4)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. (3)
Cleveland Public Schools. (3)
Race relations. (3)
Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
Cities and towns -- Research -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
City and town life -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. (2)
Community leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Community power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Interviews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Political leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Political participation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Sociology, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
United Freedom Movement. (2)
Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
Attitude (Psychology) -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Black power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Boycott -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Church history -- Sources. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education. (1)
Community Action for Youth (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Discrimination in housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Future Outlook League. (1)
Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) (1)
Juvenile delinquency -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Klunder, Bruce, 1937-1964. (1)
Leadership. (1)
Lyons, Frank, 1894-1974. (1)
Minorities -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Minorities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch -- Archives. (1)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch. (1)
Picketing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Political clubs -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Poverty -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Republican Party (Cuyahoga County, Ohio) (1)
Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Social surveys -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
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1Title:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch Records, Series II     
 Creator:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch 
 Dates:  1913-1923 
 Abstract:  The Cleveland Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the northeast Ohio chapter of the national organization devoted to civil and political equality. It was founded in 1912. CThe cllection consists of copies of correspondence with enclosures and branch bulletins, mostly generated by Harry E. Davis. The collection pertains primarily to the formation of the Cleveland Branch and the Cleveland College Chapter of the NAACP as well as the social conditions of Cleveland African Americans in the early 20th century. 
 Call #:  MS 4475 
 Extent:  0.20 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch -- Archives. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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2Title:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools Records     
 Creator:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools 
 Dates:  1963-1965 
 Abstract:  The United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools was a mass boycott in protest of the racial segregation of Cleveland, Ohio, public schools held on April 20, 1964. The United Freedom Movement of Cleveland directed the school boycott. Students from Cleveland public schools were directed to attend Freedom Schools for one day, held at area churches and with a curriculum consisting of black cultural and civil rights history, art, and music. The collection consists of applications by volunteers to staff schools, curricula, organizational charts, flyers, newspaper clippings, and lists of schools, students, teachers, supervisors, and demonstrators. 
 Call #:  MS 4814 
 Extent:  0.50 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools. | Cleveland Public Schools. | United Freedom Movement. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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3Title:  Community Action for Youth Records     
 Creator:  Community Action for Youth 
 Dates:  1958-1967 
 Abstract:  Community Action for Youth was a social services agency in the Hough neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, created through a federal matching grant from the President's Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime in 1963. Its goals included the reduction of juvenile delinquency and poverty through increased social services, educational opportunities, and job training. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, financial documents, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, papers, proposals, reports, speeches, and statements. 
 Call #:  MS 5227 
 Extent:  1.20 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Community Action for Youth (Cleveland, Ohio) | Hough (Cleveland, Ohio) | Juvenile delinquency -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Poverty -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Social conditions. | Youth -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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4Title:  Wade Park Committee Records     
 Creator:  Wade Park Committee 
 Dates:  1926-1927 
 Abstract:  The Wade Park Committee was formed in 1925 by residents of the Wade Park area on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio, to prevent non-Caucasians from buying, occupying, or using property in the area. The collection consists of correspondence, proposals, minutes, copies of agreements, and other records relating to residential restrictions in the Wade Park Allotment in Cleveland's University Circle neighborhood. 
 Call #:  MS 3483 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Wade Park Committee (Cleveland, Ohio) | Discrimination in housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Minorities -- Housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Zoning, Exclusionary -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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5Title:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch Records     
 Creator:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch 
 Dates:  1922-1969 
 Abstract:  The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a social and political action organization founded in 1912 as a Cleveland, Ohio, branch of the NAACP. Its purpose is to oppose racial inequalities in civil and political rights. The collection consists of reports, minutes, office files, financial records, newspaper clippings, brochures, pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, news releases and insurance policies. 
 Call #:  MS 3520 
 Extent:  26.40 linear feet (70 containers) 
 Subjects:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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6Title:  Reverend Bruce Klunder Collection     
 Creator:  Klunder, Bruce 
 Dates:  1964-1974 
 Abstract:  Bruce Klunder (1937-1964) was a Presbyterian minister and civil rights activist who worked with various student and community groups in Cleveland, Ohio, including the United Freedom Movement. Klunder was accidentally killed in 1964 by a bulldozer while picketing the Lakeview School construction site in an effort to bring attention to school segregation in the Cleveland Public Schools. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence, newsletters, reports and programs relating to the events surrounding Klunder's death. The collection pertains to Klunder's background, religious convictions, and his fight for human rights for the black community in Cleveland. 
 Call #:  MS 4221 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Klunder, Bruce, 1937-1964. | Cleveland Public Schools. | United Freedom Movement. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Civil rights workers -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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7Title:  Frank Lyons Papers     
 Creator:  Lyons, Frank 
 Dates:  1912-1961 
 Abstract:  Frank Lyons (1894-1974) was a lawyer, politician and civic leader active in Cleveland, Ohio's African American community. The collection consists of correspondence dealing with Lyons' law career, political involvement, and personal life, as well as organizational records, political campaign files, appointment books and journals, and legal case materials, including discrimination suits Lyons handled for the Future Outlook League and Robert Woodall. The collection pertains to Lyons' political aspirations and activities in various ward clubs, his community service in such organizations as the Urban League, St. Marks Presbyterian Church, and the Woodland Center Neighborhood House, and his discrimination cases. 
 Call #:  MS 4249 
 Extent:  2.40 linear feet (3 containers) 
 Subjects:  Lyons, Frank, 1894-1974. | Republican Party (Cuyahoga County, Ohio) | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political campaigns -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political clubs -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Church history -- Sources. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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8Title:  Future Outlook League Records     
 Creator:  Future Outlook League 
 Dates:  1935-1959 
 Abstract:  The Future Outlook League was a Cleveland, Ohio, civil rights organization founded in 1935 by John Oliver Holly to promote employment, mobility, and equality for black youth and young adults in the Central area. Holly, the League's first president, was a political office holder in the area. The idea for the League grew out of dissatisfaction with the achievements of existing Negro organizations concerning employment. The organization appealed to both unskilled and semi-skilled Afro-Americans and was one of the first black organizations in the late 1930s to use picketing and economic boycotts to secure employment for Negroes. Supported primarily by weekly fees assessed to those who obtained jobs through the League, the organization integrated staffs of banks, stores, utilities, and industry. Integration of area neighborhoods was also a concern. The collection consists of minutes, financial materials, subject files, scrapbooks, and membership cards. The collection pertains largely to the establishment of the League and its activities in promoting employment and civil rights on behalf of Cleveland's black community. The membership cards reveal characteristics of that community by providing information on marital status, age, occupation, education, and residence. The scrapbooks detail the League's activities against small, local establishments, as well as national chains, such as the A&P Company, Belle Vernon Products, Lawson's Stores, and People's Drug Stores. 
 Call #:  MS 4171 
 Extent:  5.91 linear feet (13 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Future Outlook League. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Employment -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Black power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Boycott -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Picketing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions.
 
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9Title:  James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers     
 Creator:  Hardiman, James L. 
 Dates:  1972-2001 
 Abstract:  James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. With over 40 years of experience litigating complex civil liberties issues, Hardiman is also noted for his work challenging at-large elections of municipal court judges in Ohio and dedication to just criminal defense. In 2010, Hardiman was named the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio, where he continues to fight for civil rights. The collection consists of agendas, budgets, correspondence (general and professional), handbooks, legal briefs, memoranda, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, proposals, reports, testimony, transcripts, trial exhibits, and unofficial legal files. 
 Call #:  MS 5123 
 Extent:  30.40 linear feet (31 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Public Schools. | Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education.
 
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10Title:  Maurice Klain Research Papers : Cleveland Area Leadership Studies, Series II     
 Creator:  Klain, Maurice 
 Dates:  1937-1972 
 Abstract:  The Cleveland Area Leadership Study was a major research project designed to study the power base of greater Cleveland, Ohio, with emphasis on the decision-making process and the role of various community leaders. The project was supervised by Maurice Klain, professor in the Department of Political Science at Western Reserve University. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, interview transcripts, a subject file, questionnaires, raw data from Klain's studies on endorsements and voter tabulations, interpretative computer printouts, and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4305 
 Extent:  30.80 linear feet (33 containers) 
 Subjects:  Community leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Interviews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Attitude (Psychology) -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Minorities -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Social surveys -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Voting research -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political participation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cities and towns -- Research -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City and town life -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Sociology, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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11Title:  Maurice Klain Research Papers : Cleveland Area Leadership Studies, Series I     
 Creator:  Klain, Maurice 
 Dates:  1957-1965 
 Abstract:  The Cleveland Area Leadership Studies were produced by Dr. Klain, a political scientist at Western Reserve University (Case Western Reserve University since 1967), as a scholarly project to identify, describe and analyze leadership, decision-making, influence and power in Greater Cleveland, Ohio, during the 1950s and 1960s. The people interviewed were eminent figures in the business and professional life of Cleveland, prominent in government, law and politics, education, journalism, religion, philanthropy, non-governmental civic institutions, ethnic communities and social activism. The collection is therefore critical to the study of Cleveland in the 1960s. Because the collection was produced on the eve of the racial conflicts which shook the U.S. in the 1960s and which erupted in Cleveland's Hough neighborhood during 1966, Klain has characterized such interviews as "conversations on a powderkeg." The collection is comprised of the second drafts of the interview transcripts. The Klain research papers constitute an extensive and massive body of information about the Cleveland metropolitan region, its leaders, groups and interests. The heart of the study is embodied in over 700 transcripts of interviews conducted by Klain and his graduate students from 1957 to 1965. Included are a number of interviews with members of the exclusive Fifty Club and the founders of University Circle, Incorporated. 
 Call #:  MS 4219 
 Extent:  14.0 linear feet (14 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cities and towns -- Research -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political participation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Urban policy -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Sociology, Urban -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | City and town life -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Leadership. | Community leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Political leadership -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | Community power -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Interviews -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Social conditions. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Economic conditions.
 
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