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'School integration Ohio Cleveland' in subject
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School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (10)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. (6)
Cleveland Public Schools. (5)
Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (3)
African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Busing for school integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. (2)
Greater Cleveland Project. (2)
Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. (2)
Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Segregation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (2)
African American History / Women's History (1)
African American women -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
African American women political activists -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland (1)
African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charities (1)
Aged -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority (1)
Bielen, Casimir, 1925-1992. (1)
Citizens' Council for Ohio Schools. (1)
Citizens' advisory committees in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- Emigration and immigration -- 20th century. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio) -- History -- 20th century. (1)
Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor. (1)
Cleveland Public Library (1)
Cleveland press (Cleveland, Ohio : 1889) (1)
Community and school -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Community schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Davis family. (1)
Davis, Russell Howard, 1897-1976. (1)
Discrimination in housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Dixon, Ardelia Bradley, 1916-1991 (1)
Educational innovations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Elections -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Inflation (Finance) (1)
Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland (1)
Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland. (1)
Interracial marriage (1)
Journalists -- Ohio -- Cleveland. (1)
Locher, Ralph S., (Ralph Sidney) 1915- (1)
Minorities -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Political activity. (1)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch (1)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch -- History. (1)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch. (1)
Nationalities Services Center Polish American Conference. (1)
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1Title:  Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations Records     
 Creator:  Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations 
 Dates:  1980 
 Abstract:  The Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations was organized by United States Federal District Court in 1978 to monitor the desegregation of Cleveland Public Schools, promote public understanding of the process, and report on its progress. The office trained school monitors to observe, assess, and report on a variety of conditions within targeted Cleveland, Ohio schools. The collection consists of meeting announcements and bulletins, but largely materials pertaining to the training of school monitors. The collection is useful for studying the progress made in desegregating the Cleveland Public Schools. The collection also contains material from the Greater Cleveland Project, a coalition of organizations targeting school desegregation. 
 Call #:  MS 4489 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations -- Archives. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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2Title:  Ralph Sidney Locher Papers     
 Creator:  Locher, Ralph Sidney 
 Dates:  1949-1967 
 Abstract:  Ralph Locher (1915-2004) was the Democratic Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (1962-1967) who became a Judge of the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas (1968-1972), of the County Probate Court (1972-1976), and of the Ohio Supreme Court for two terms beginning in 1976. The collection consists of correspondence, speeches, notes, reports, certificates, and miscellaneous printed material dealing with Locher's administrative and political concerns, particularly as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. 
 Call #:  MS 3337 
 Extent:  9.00 linear feet (24 containers) 
 Subjects:  Locher, Ralph S., (Ralph Sidney) 1915- | Cleveland (Ohio). Mayor. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Minorities -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Political activity. | Elections -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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3Title:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch Records     
 Creator:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Cleveland Branch 
 Dates:  1922-1969 
 Abstract:  The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a social and political action organization founded in 1912 as a Cleveland, Ohio, branch of the NAACP. Its purpose is to oppose racial inequalities in civil and political rights. The collection consists of reports, minutes, office files, financial records, newspaper clippings, brochures, pamphlets, broadsides, speeches, news releases and insurance policies. 
 Call #:  MS 3520 
 Extent:  26.40 linear feet (70 containers) 
 Subjects:  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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4Title:  Greater Cleveland Project Records     
 Creator:  Greater Cleveland Project 
 Dates:  1976-1981 
 Abstract:  The Greater Cleveland Project was a non-profit organization whose purpose was to ease the implementation of court-ordered desegregation in the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Schools. The desegregation of the schools was ordered by federal judge Frank J. Battisti as part of his decision in the case of Reed v. Rhodes. The Greater Cleveland Project formally organized in May 1976, having grown from an ad-hoc committee within the Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland. The project dispensed information about desegregation, held seminars, and gave lectures to citizens and educators to promote non-violent desegregation of the schools. Prominent in the leadership of the organization were Leonard Stevens, Daniel Elliot, Jordan Band, Stanley Tolliver, and Francis Hunter. In 1978, Judge Frank J. Battisti order the formation of the Ofrice on School Monitoring and Community Relations at the suggestion of the federal court's Special Master and the leadership of the Greater Cleveland Project. Funded initially by the Interchurch Council, the Greater Cleveland Project was also funded by the Cleveland Foundation and the George Gund Foundation. Additional funding was provided from the federal government's Emergency School Aid Act. The Greater Cleveland Project ceased operation in 1981 when federal and local funding was not renewed. The collection consists of correspondence, budgets, funding proposals, and legal briefs relating to the desegregation case of Reed v. Rhodes. 
 Call #:  MS 4720 
 Extent:  1.40 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  Greater Cleveland Project. | Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. | Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Busing for school integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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5Title:  WELCOME Records     
 Creator:  WELCOME 
 Dates:  1971-1987 
 Abstract:  WELCOME (Westsiders and Eastsiders Let's Come Together) was founded in 1978 in Cleveland, Ohio, by teachers, parents, and concerned citizens to create an atmosphere of peace and racial cooperation in response to the possibility of violence during the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools. WELCOME activities, which involved community centers and churches, included a series of bridgewalks across the Detroit Superior Bridge, the distribution of tee-shirts, the establishment of WELCOME committees at each school, and WELCOME wagons that visited neighborhoods. Once desegregation took place, WELCOME clubs were formed in the newly desegregated schools. The most active students in each club formed the citywide WELCOME Leadership Institute in 1980, funded by the Cleveland and Gund Foundations. In 1984, funding ended, and the Leadership Institute evolved into Youth United to Oppose Apartheid. WELCOME and the Leadership Institute ceased to exist. The collection consists of correspondence, programs, bylaws, desegregation studies, financial materials, minutes, newsletters, pamphlets, permits, petitions, press releases, foundation proposals, reports, testimonials, and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4796 
 Extent:  2.60 linear feet (4 containers) 
 Subjects:  WELCOME. | WELCOME Leadership Institute. | Cleveland Public Schools. | Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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6Title:  Julian Krawcheck Papers     
 Creator:  Krawcheck, Julian 
 Dates:  1930-1980 
 Abstract:  Julian I. Krawcheck (1911-1999) was once described as "the conscience of Cleveland" by Dick McLaughlin. This collection contains personal papers relating to Krawcheck's career as a reporter and columnist in Cleveland, Ohio, including research notes, records of interviews, memoranda, column mail, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks. Krawcheck, a commentary columnist and reporter for the Cleveland Press from 1941 to 1977, was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He attended the University of South Carolina for two years. In college, he was an avid saxophone player and jazz buff, which contributed to his coverage of jazz events during his journalism career. The collection consists of correspondence, memos, articles, interview records, scrapbooks, photographs, and research notes pertaining to articles written by Krawcheck. 
 Call #:  MS 4984 
 Extent:  6.43 linear feet (7 containers and 3 oversize folders) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland (Ohio) -- Emigration and immigration -- 20th century. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- History -- 20th century. | Cleveland press (Cleveland, Ohio : 1889) | Discrimination in housing -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Inflation (Finance) | Interracial marriage | Journalists -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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7Title:  Russell Howard Davis Papers     
 Creator:  Davis, Russell Howard 
 Dates:  1897-1977 
 Abstract:  Russell Howard Davis (1897-1976) was an educator, community activist, historian, and author of the first comprehensive history of African Americans in Cleveland, Ohio. Davis drew from his brother Harry's unfinished manuscript on Blacks in Cleveland and published it in two volumes, Memorable Negroes in Cleveland's Past (1969) and Black Americans in Cleveland (1974). The collection consists of family records and histories, correspondence, organizational records and notes, manuscripts by Davis and other authors, and miscellaneous printed materials and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4031 
 Extent:  10.81 linear feet (12 containers and 1 oversize folder) 
 Subjects:  Davis, Russell Howard, 1897-1976. | Davis family. | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch -- History. | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Aged -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Politics and government. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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8Title:  Casimir Bielen Papers, Series II     
 Creator:  Bielen, Casimir 
 Dates:  1973-1979 
 Abstract:  Casimir Bielen was active in various political, ethnic, and community action groups in Cleveland, Ohio. In his position as a leader of the Nationalities Services Center Polish American Conference, he was nominated in 1975 to represent that organization as a member of the Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. The Study Group was a citizens' committee formed to provide community leadership and assure peaceful implementation of court ordered desegregation of Cleveland's public schools. The Group consisted of a loose coalition of 15 organizations. Study Group members used its reports and discussions as the basis for planning by their own organizations for response to the decision, program activities, and constituent education. The collection consists of materials collected by Bielen related to groups with interest in public school desegregation and busing in Cleveland, Ohio. These include minutes, agendas, memoranda, correspondence, reports, legal briefs, circulars, newsletters, and newspaper clippings. The largest group of materials relates to the Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. Also represented are the Nationalities Services Center, the Greater Cleveland Project, and the Citizens' Council for Ohio Schools. 
 Call #:  MS 4680 
 Extent:  1.40 linear feet (2 containers and 2 rolls of microfilm) 
 Subjects:  Bielen, Casimir, 1925-1992. | Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. | Nationalities Services Center Polish American Conference. | Citizens' Council for Ohio Schools. | Greater Cleveland Project. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Busing for school integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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9Title:  PACE Association Records     
 Creator:  PACE Association 
 Dates:  1957-1974 
 Abstract:  The PACE Association was a citizens' group that worked to improve the quality of education and to promote better race relations in the Greater Cleveland, Ohio, area school systems. It was founded in 1963 and operated until January, 1974. The collection consists of articles of incorporation, a constitution, bylaws, code of regulations, minutes, policy statements, reports, correspondence, memoranda, proposals, financial records, subject files, project files, membership lists, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, and publications. 
 Call #:  MS 4243 
 Extent:  18.40 linear feet (21 containers) 
 Subjects:  PACE Association. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Citizens' advisory committees in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community and school -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Community schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Educational innovations -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations in school management -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Vocational education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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10Title:  James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers     
 Creator:  Hardiman, James L. 
 Dates:  1972-2001 
 Abstract:  James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. With over 40 years of experience litigating complex civil liberties issues, Hardiman is also noted for his work challenging at-large elections of municipal court judges in Ohio and dedication to just criminal defense. In 2010, Hardiman was named the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio, where he continues to fight for civil rights. The collection consists of agendas, budgets, correspondence (general and professional), handbooks, legal briefs, memoranda, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, proposals, reports, testimony, transcripts, trial exhibits, and unofficial legal files. 
 Call #:  MS 5123 
 Extent:  30.40 linear feet (31 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Public Schools. | Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education.
 
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11Title:  Ardelia Bradley Dixon Papers     
 Creator:  Dixon, Ardelia Bradley 
 Dates:  1931-1991 
 Abstract:  Ardelia Bradley Dixon (1916-1991) was a lifelong African American rights activist and philanthropist in Cleveland, Ohio. Dixon served as secretary at the Antioch Baptist Church, Central High School, and John Hay High School. She served on the boards and committees of the Cleveland Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Cleveland Public Library. In 1963, Dixon took part in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom for Colored People led by Martin Luther King, Jr., and was passionate about the issues of desegregation in schools and racial violence. She volunteered at the Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland, the National Council of Churches, Fairhill Mental Health Center, and the Phillis Wheatley Center. The collection includes booklets, brochures, cards, church programs, correspondence, funeral booklets, hymns, letters, letters to the editor of the Plain Dealer, magazine and newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, photographs and negatives, postcards, schedules of events, scrapbooks, and telegrams. 
 Call #:  MS 5199 
 Extent:  1.80 linear feet (2 containers and 2 volumes) 
 Subjects:  African American women -- Ohio -- Cleveland | African American women political activists -- Ohio -- Cleveland | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland -- Charities | African Americans -- Ohio -- Cleveland | Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority | Cleveland Public Library | Dixon, Ardelia Bradley, 1916-1991 | Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Cleveland Branch | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland | African American History / Women's History
 
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