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'School integration Ohio Cleveland' in subject Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. in subject [X]
School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. in subject [X]
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1Title:  WELCOME Records     
 Creator:  WELCOME 
 Dates:  1971-1987 
 Abstract:  WELCOME (Westsiders and Eastsiders Let's Come Together) was founded in 1978 in Cleveland, Ohio, by teachers, parents, and concerned citizens to create an atmosphere of peace and racial cooperation in response to the possibility of violence during the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools. WELCOME activities, which involved community centers and churches, included a series of bridgewalks across the Detroit Superior Bridge, the distribution of tee-shirts, the establishment of WELCOME committees at each school, and WELCOME wagons that visited neighborhoods. Once desegregation took place, WELCOME clubs were formed in the newly desegregated schools. The most active students in each club formed the citywide WELCOME Leadership Institute in 1980, funded by the Cleveland and Gund Foundations. In 1984, funding ended, and the Leadership Institute evolved into Youth United to Oppose Apartheid. WELCOME and the Leadership Institute ceased to exist. The collection consists of correspondence, programs, bylaws, desegregation studies, financial materials, minutes, newsletters, pamphlets, permits, petitions, press releases, foundation proposals, reports, testimonials, and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4796 
 Extent:  2.60 linear feet (4 containers) 
 Subjects:  WELCOME. | WELCOME Leadership Institute. | Cleveland Public Schools. | Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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2Title:  James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers     
 Creator:  Hardiman, James L. 
 Dates:  1972-2001 
 Abstract:  James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. With over 40 years of experience litigating complex civil liberties issues, Hardiman is also noted for his work challenging at-large elections of municipal court judges in Ohio and dedication to just criminal defense. In 2010, Hardiman was named the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio, where he continues to fight for civil rights. The collection consists of agendas, budgets, correspondence (general and professional), handbooks, legal briefs, memoranda, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, proposals, reports, testimony, transcripts, trial exhibits, and unofficial legal files. 
 Call #:  MS 5123 
 Extent:  30.40 linear feet (31 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Public Schools. | Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education.
 
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