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'School integration Ohio Cleveland' in subject Manuscript Collection in format [X]
School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. in subject [X]
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1Title:  Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations Records     
 Creator:  Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations 
 Dates:  1980 
 Abstract:  The Office on School Monitoring and Community Relations was organized by United States Federal District Court in 1978 to monitor the desegregation of Cleveland Public Schools, promote public understanding of the process, and report on its progress. The office trained school monitors to observe, assess, and report on a variety of conditions within targeted Cleveland, Ohio schools. The collection consists of meeting announcements and bulletins, but largely materials pertaining to the training of school monitors. The collection is useful for studying the progress made in desegregating the Cleveland Public Schools. The collection also contains material from the Greater Cleveland Project, a coalition of organizations targeting school desegregation. 
 Call #:  MS 4489 
 Extent:  0.10 linear feet (1 container) 
 Subjects:  Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations -- Archives. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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2Title:  Greater Cleveland Project Records     
 Creator:  Greater Cleveland Project 
 Dates:  1976-1981 
 Abstract:  The Greater Cleveland Project was a non-profit organization whose purpose was to ease the implementation of court-ordered desegregation in the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Schools. The desegregation of the schools was ordered by federal judge Frank J. Battisti as part of his decision in the case of Reed v. Rhodes. The Greater Cleveland Project formally organized in May 1976, having grown from an ad-hoc committee within the Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland. The project dispensed information about desegregation, held seminars, and gave lectures to citizens and educators to promote non-violent desegregation of the schools. Prominent in the leadership of the organization were Leonard Stevens, Daniel Elliot, Jordan Band, Stanley Tolliver, and Francis Hunter. In 1978, Judge Frank J. Battisti order the formation of the Ofrice on School Monitoring and Community Relations at the suggestion of the federal court's Special Master and the leadership of the Greater Cleveland Project. Funded initially by the Interchurch Council, the Greater Cleveland Project was also funded by the Cleveland Foundation and the George Gund Foundation. Additional funding was provided from the federal government's Emergency School Aid Act. The Greater Cleveland Project ceased operation in 1981 when federal and local funding was not renewed. The collection consists of correspondence, budgets, funding proposals, and legal briefs relating to the desegregation case of Reed v. Rhodes. 
 Call #:  MS 4720 
 Extent:  1.40 linear feet (2 containers) 
 Subjects:  Greater Cleveland Project. | Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. | Interchurch Council of Greater Cleveland. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Busing for school integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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3Title:  Casimir Bielen Papers, Series II     
 Creator:  Bielen, Casimir 
 Dates:  1973-1979 
 Abstract:  Casimir Bielen was active in various political, ethnic, and community action groups in Cleveland, Ohio. In his position as a leader of the Nationalities Services Center Polish American Conference, he was nominated in 1975 to represent that organization as a member of the Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. The Study Group was a citizens' committee formed to provide community leadership and assure peaceful implementation of court ordered desegregation of Cleveland's public schools. The Group consisted of a loose coalition of 15 organizations. Study Group members used its reports and discussions as the basis for planning by their own organizations for response to the decision, program activities, and constituent education. The collection consists of materials collected by Bielen related to groups with interest in public school desegregation and busing in Cleveland, Ohio. These include minutes, agendas, memoranda, correspondence, reports, legal briefs, circulars, newsletters, and newspaper clippings. The largest group of materials relates to the Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. Also represented are the Nationalities Services Center, the Greater Cleveland Project, and the Citizens' Council for Ohio Schools. 
 Call #:  MS 4680 
 Extent:  1.40 linear feet (2 containers and 2 rolls of microfilm) 
 Subjects:  Bielen, Casimir, 1925-1992. | Study Group on Racial Isolation in the Public Schools. | Nationalities Services Center Polish American Conference. | Citizens' Council for Ohio Schools. | Greater Cleveland Project. | Cleveland Public Schools. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Busing for school integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland.
 
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4Title:  WELCOME Records     
 Creator:  WELCOME 
 Dates:  1971-1987 
 Abstract:  WELCOME (Westsiders and Eastsiders Let's Come Together) was founded in 1978 in Cleveland, Ohio, by teachers, parents, and concerned citizens to create an atmosphere of peace and racial cooperation in response to the possibility of violence during the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools. WELCOME activities, which involved community centers and churches, included a series of bridgewalks across the Detroit Superior Bridge, the distribution of tee-shirts, the establishment of WELCOME committees at each school, and WELCOME wagons that visited neighborhoods. Once desegregation took place, WELCOME clubs were formed in the newly desegregated schools. The most active students in each club formed the citywide WELCOME Leadership Institute in 1980, funded by the Cleveland and Gund Foundations. In 1984, funding ended, and the Leadership Institute evolved into Youth United to Oppose Apartheid. WELCOME and the Leadership Institute ceased to exist. The collection consists of correspondence, programs, bylaws, desegregation studies, financial materials, minutes, newsletters, pamphlets, permits, petitions, press releases, foundation proposals, reports, testimonials, and newspaper clippings. 
 Call #:  MS 4796 
 Extent:  2.60 linear feet (4 containers) 
 Subjects:  WELCOME. | WELCOME Leadership Institute. | Cleveland Public Schools. | Office on School Monitoring & Community Relations. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations.
 
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5Title:  James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers     
 Creator:  Hardiman, James L. 
 Dates:  1972-2001 
 Abstract:  James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. With over 40 years of experience litigating complex civil liberties issues, Hardiman is also noted for his work challenging at-large elections of municipal court judges in Ohio and dedication to just criminal defense. In 2010, Hardiman was named the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio, where he continues to fight for civil rights. The collection consists of agendas, budgets, correspondence (general and professional), handbooks, legal briefs, memoranda, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notes, pamphlets, proposals, reports, testimony, transcripts, trial exhibits, and unofficial legal files. 
 Call #:  MS 5123 
 Extent:  30.40 linear feet (31 containers) 
 Subjects:  Cleveland Public Schools. | Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | School integration -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Public schools -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race relations. | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | African Americans -- Education -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Race discrimination -- Ohio -- Cleveland. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Race relations. | Cleveland (Ohio) -- Education.
 
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