720 XTF Search Results (subject=Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland.;subject-join=exact;smode=advanced;brand=default);subject-join%3Dexact;smode%3Dadvanced;brand%3Ddefault Results for your query: subject=Segregation in education -- Ohio -- Cleveland.;subject-join=exact;smode=advanced;brand=default Tue, 28 Jul 2020 12:00:00 GMT James L. Hardiman Reed v. Rhodes Papers. Hardiman, James L. James L. Hardiman (b. 1941), was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sally and Albert Hardiman and a graduate of John Jay High School in the Cleveland Public School System during the 1950s. Hardiman earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1963 and his Juris Doctorate from Cleveland Marshall College of Law in 1968. Not long after being admitted to the Ohio bar, Hardiman became an attorney for the plaintiffs in the case of Robert Anthony Reed v. James A. Rhodes, which concerned the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools and was heard in the United States District Court Northern District of Ohio and United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals beginning in 1973 and concluding in 2000. Hardiman's papers regarding Reed v. Rhodes that make up this collection document his role and experiences in the matter. A celebrated civil rights attorney, Hardiman is perhaps most well known for his involvement in this case and other school desegregation initiatives across Ohio and the United States. Wit... Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT Reverend Bruce Klunder Collection. Klunder, Bruce Bruce Klunder (1937-1964) was a Presbyterian minister and civil rights activist who worked with various student and community groups in Cleveland, Ohio, including the United Freedom Movement. Klunder was accidentally killed in 1964 by a bulldozer while picketing the Lakeview School construction site in an effort to bring attention to school segregation in the Cleveland Public Schools. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence, newsletters, reports and programs relating to the events surrounding Klunder's death. The collection pertains to Klunder's background, religious convictions, and his fight for human rights for the black community in Cleveland. Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools Records. United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools The United Freedom Movement Freedom Schools was a mass boycott in protest of the racial segregation of Cleveland, Ohio, public schools held on April 20, 1964. The United Freedom Movement of Cleveland directed the school boycott. Students from Cleveland public schools were directed to attend Freedom Schools for one day, held at area churches and with a curriculum consisting of black cultural and civil rights history, art, and music. The collection consists of applications by volunteers to staff schools, curricula, organizational charts, flyers, newspaper clippings, and lists of schools, students, teachers, supervisors, and demonstrators. Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT WELCOME Records. WELCOME WELCOME (Westsiders and Eastsiders Let's Come Together) was founded in 1978 in Cleveland, Ohio, by teachers, parents, and concerned citizens to create an atmosphere of peace and racial cooperation in response to the possibility of violence during the desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools. WELCOME activities, which involved community centers and churches, included a series of bridgewalks across the Detroit Superior Bridge, the distribution of tee-shirts, the establishment of WELCOME committees at each school, and WELCOME wagons that visited neighborhoods. Once desegregation took place, WELCOME clubs were formed in the newly desegregated schools. The most active students in each club formed the citywide WELCOME Leadership Institute in 1980, funded by the Cleveland and Gund Foundations. In 1984, funding ended, and the Leadership Institute evolved into Youth United to Oppose Apartheid. WELCOME and the Leadership Institute ceased to exist. The collection consists of correspondence, programs, bylaws, deseg... Wed, 01 Jan 2014 12:00:00 GMT